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Uncovering the multifaceted-self in the domain of negative traits: On the muted expression of negative self-knowledge

Uncovering the multifaceted-self in the domain of negative traits: On the muted expression of negative self-knowledge
Uncovering the multifaceted-self in the domain of negative traits: On the muted expression of negative self-knowledge
The multifaceted-self effect is the ascription of more traits to self than others. Consensus is that this effect occurs for positive, but not negative, traits. We propose that the effect also occurs for negative traits when they can be endorsed with low intensity ("I am a little bit lazy"), thereby circumventing self-protection concerns. In Experiment 1, the multifaceted-self effect occurred for positive, but not negative, traits on a high-intensity trait-endorsement measure. However, it occurred irrespective of trait valence on a low-intensity trait-endorsement measure. In Experiment 2, the multifaceted-self effect occurred for positive, but not negative, traits on a strong trait-endorsement measure. However, it occurred irrespective of trait valence on a diminuted trait-endorsement measure-a finding conceptually replicated in Experiment 3. In Experiment 4, participants spontaneously adopted diminutive terms ("a little bit") when describing their negative traits. Individuals reconcile negative self-knowledge with self-protection concerns by expressing it in muted terms
self, self-knowledge, multifaceted-self, self-enhancement, self-protection
0146-1672
513-525
Cheung, Wing-Yee
7a3c3949-2468-466a-946b-f629f1ce07f4
Wildschut, Tim
4452a61d-1649-4c4a-bb1d-154ec446ff81
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Pinter, Brad
4404cd89-0aa3-4bf5-b745-d4aaae7eab8c
Cheung, Wing-Yee
7a3c3949-2468-466a-946b-f629f1ce07f4
Wildschut, Tim
4452a61d-1649-4c4a-bb1d-154ec446ff81
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Pinter, Brad
4404cd89-0aa3-4bf5-b745-d4aaae7eab8c

Cheung, Wing-Yee, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine and Pinter, Brad (2014) Uncovering the multifaceted-self in the domain of negative traits: On the muted expression of negative self-knowledge Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, (4), pp. 513-525. (PMID:24398541).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The multifaceted-self effect is the ascription of more traits to self than others. Consensus is that this effect occurs for positive, but not negative, traits. We propose that the effect also occurs for negative traits when they can be endorsed with low intensity ("I am a little bit lazy"), thereby circumventing self-protection concerns. In Experiment 1, the multifaceted-self effect occurred for positive, but not negative, traits on a high-intensity trait-endorsement measure. However, it occurred irrespective of trait valence on a low-intensity trait-endorsement measure. In Experiment 2, the multifaceted-self effect occurred for positive, but not negative, traits on a strong trait-endorsement measure. However, it occurred irrespective of trait valence on a diminuted trait-endorsement measure-a finding conceptually replicated in Experiment 3. In Experiment 4, participants spontaneously adopted diminutive terms ("a little bit") when describing their negative traits. Individuals reconcile negative self-knowledge with self-protection concerns by expressing it in muted terms

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Accepted/In Press date: 1 December 2013
e-pub ahead of print date: 7 January 2014
Published date: 19 March 2014
Keywords: self, self-knowledge, multifaceted-self, self-enhancement, self-protection
Organisations: Psychology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 364482
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/364482
ISSN: 0146-1672
PURE UUID: 2cbb508e-ef7e-4ad0-990c-ef950dc8887c

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Date deposited: 01 May 2014 12:03
Last modified: 30 Aug 2017 06:31

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Contributors

Author: Wing-Yee Cheung
Author: Tim Wildschut
Author: Brad Pinter

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