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Future prospects for prophylactic immune stimulation in crustacean aquaculture – the need for improved metadata to address immune system complexity

Future prospects for prophylactic immune stimulation in crustacean aquaculture – the need for improved metadata to address immune system complexity
Future prospects for prophylactic immune stimulation in crustacean aquaculture – the need for improved metadata to address immune system complexity
Future expansion of the crustacean aquaculture industry will be required to ensure global food security. However, this expansion must ensure: a) that natural resources (including habitat use and fish meal) are sustainably exploited, b) that the socio-economic development of producing nations is safeguarded, and c) that the challenge presented by crustacean diseases is adequately met. Conventionally, the problem of disease in crustacean aquaculture has been addressed through prophylactic administration of stimulants, additives or probiotics. However, these approaches have been questioned both experimentally and philosophically. In this review, we argue that real progress in the field of crustacean immune stimulants has now slowed, with only incremental advances now being made. We further contend that an overt focus on the immune effector response has been misguided. In light of the wealth of new data reporting immune system complexity, a more refined approach is necessary - one that must consider the important role played by pattern recognition proteins. In support of this more refined approach, there is now a much greater requirement for the reporting of essential metadata. We propose a broad series of recommendations regarding the ‘Minimum Information required to support a Stimulant Assessment experiment’ (MISA guidelines) to foster new progression within the field.
Immune stimulation, Pattern Recognition Receptor, Digestive tract microbiome, Crustacean, Metadata
0145-305X
360-368
Hauton, Chris
7706f6ba-4497-42b2-8c6d-00df81676331
Hudspith, Meggie
40262431-3656-493f-82b8-96eff0a0b77b
Gunton, Laetitia
8a51e73d-fb9f-429a-aad7-880ae75e0b7d
Hauton, Chris
7706f6ba-4497-42b2-8c6d-00df81676331
Hudspith, Meggie
40262431-3656-493f-82b8-96eff0a0b77b
Gunton, Laetitia
8a51e73d-fb9f-429a-aad7-880ae75e0b7d

Hauton, Chris, Hudspith, Meggie and Gunton, Laetitia (2015) Future prospects for prophylactic immune stimulation in crustacean aquaculture – the need for improved metadata to address immune system complexity. Developmental & Comparative Immunology, 48 (2), 360-368. (doi:10.1016/j.dci.2014.04.017).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Future expansion of the crustacean aquaculture industry will be required to ensure global food security. However, this expansion must ensure: a) that natural resources (including habitat use and fish meal) are sustainably exploited, b) that the socio-economic development of producing nations is safeguarded, and c) that the challenge presented by crustacean diseases is adequately met. Conventionally, the problem of disease in crustacean aquaculture has been addressed through prophylactic administration of stimulants, additives or probiotics. However, these approaches have been questioned both experimentally and philosophically. In this review, we argue that real progress in the field of crustacean immune stimulants has now slowed, with only incremental advances now being made. We further contend that an overt focus on the immune effector response has been misguided. In light of the wealth of new data reporting immune system complexity, a more refined approach is necessary - one that must consider the important role played by pattern recognition proteins. In support of this more refined approach, there is now a much greater requirement for the reporting of essential metadata. We propose a broad series of recommendations regarding the ‘Minimum Information required to support a Stimulant Assessment experiment’ (MISA guidelines) to foster new progression within the field.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: May 2014
Published date: February 2015
Keywords: Immune stimulation, Pattern Recognition Receptor, Digestive tract microbiome, Crustacean, Metadata
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 364738
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/364738
ISSN: 0145-305X
PURE UUID: 21443ba7-448f-4070-9e7e-25de67fd9e5c
ORCID for Chris Hauton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2313-4226

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 09 May 2014 09:46
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 01:40

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Contributors

Author: Chris Hauton ORCID iD
Author: Meggie Hudspith
Author: Laetitia Gunton

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