The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Risk factors for mortality from acute respiratory tract infections in young Gambian children

Risk factors for mortality from acute respiratory tract infections in young Gambian children
Risk factors for mortality from acute respiratory tract infections in young Gambian children
A case-control study has been undertaken in a rural area of The Gambia to evaluate risk factors for death from acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) in young children. On the basis of a post-mortem interview 129 children aged < 2 years were thought to have died from ALRI. These cases were each matched according to age, sex, ethnic group, time and place of death with a child who had died from a cause other than an ALRI and with two live control children. Cases and controls were well matched. Comparison of cases and live controls suggested that exposure to smoke during cooking, parental smoking and exclusive, prolonged breastfeeding were associated with an increased risk of death from ALRI whilst sharing a bed with siblings, use of antenatal and welfare clinics and immunization were associated with a reduced risk of death from ALRI. No associations were found between mortality from ALRI and maternal education and literacy, socioeconomic status or with the age of the mother. Comparison of children who died from causes other than ALRI with the live controls showed a similar pattern of associations and no significant differences were found in any of the risk factors studied between children whose deaths were attributed to ALRI and those whose death was attributed to another cause. Association of death with exposure to smoke during cooking was the strongest risk factor identified. This risk might be altered by reducing smoke exposure during cooking
0300-5771
1174-1182
de Francisco, A.
833d733e-eafe-4c27-bec0-37e61b212585
Morris, J.S.
569aa43b-15bd-4e9d-b4a5-e68a84334cfe
Hall, A.J.
37be6558-de66-4f11-96e1-70067b684f57
Armstrong Schellenberg, J.R.M.
19edd640-69d2-4500-8ee8-bc79ea988c45
Greenwood, B.M.
64eecb64-7030-4eac-88b5-f7cf41ed45ae
de Francisco, A.
833d733e-eafe-4c27-bec0-37e61b212585
Morris, J.S.
569aa43b-15bd-4e9d-b4a5-e68a84334cfe
Hall, A.J.
37be6558-de66-4f11-96e1-70067b684f57
Armstrong Schellenberg, J.R.M.
19edd640-69d2-4500-8ee8-bc79ea988c45
Greenwood, B.M.
64eecb64-7030-4eac-88b5-f7cf41ed45ae

de Francisco, A., Morris, J.S., Hall, A.J., Armstrong Schellenberg, J.R.M. and Greenwood, B.M. (1993) Risk factors for mortality from acute respiratory tract infections in young Gambian children. International Journal of Epidemiology, 22 (6), 1174-1182. (doi:10.1093/ije/22.6.1174). (PMID:8144302)

Record type: Article

Abstract

A case-control study has been undertaken in a rural area of The Gambia to evaluate risk factors for death from acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) in young children. On the basis of a post-mortem interview 129 children aged < 2 years were thought to have died from ALRI. These cases were each matched according to age, sex, ethnic group, time and place of death with a child who had died from a cause other than an ALRI and with two live control children. Cases and controls were well matched. Comparison of cases and live controls suggested that exposure to smoke during cooking, parental smoking and exclusive, prolonged breastfeeding were associated with an increased risk of death from ALRI whilst sharing a bed with siblings, use of antenatal and welfare clinics and immunization were associated with a reduced risk of death from ALRI. No associations were found between mortality from ALRI and maternal education and literacy, socioeconomic status or with the age of the mother. Comparison of children who died from causes other than ALRI with the live controls showed a similar pattern of associations and no significant differences were found in any of the risk factors studied between children whose deaths were attributed to ALRI and those whose death was attributed to another cause. Association of death with exposure to smoke during cooking was the strongest risk factor identified. This risk might be altered by reducing smoke exposure during cooking

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 1993
Organisations: Faculty of Health Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 365122
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/365122
ISSN: 0300-5771
PURE UUID: b56cc6a2-e2b4-4dfb-bd75-fa7a585edd31

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 May 2014 12:43
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 02:24

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×