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Climate variability and water mass formation in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

Climate variability and water mass formation in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Climate variability and water mass formation in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Recent changes of the thermohaline circulation in the Eastern Mediterranean (i.e. the Eastern Mediterranean Transient) and older observations of the thermohaline structure of the Aegean-Levantine region (with events of dramatic changes of deep water characteristics) reveal the very sensitive character of the regional thermohaline circulation pattern. This and the long term variability of seawater characteristics in various Mediterranean basins show that the deep water mass formation processes in the region can be greatly affected by climate variability and the characteristics of the extreme atmospheric forcing events. Theoretical work and modeling experiments point out the effectiveness of extreme events and periods of abnormal atmospheric conditions to produce deep waters of different characteristics and different equilibrium depth. Studying the mechanisms involved in the air-sea interaction under extreme event conditions, with available observations and modeling techniques, and monitoring important sites of water mass formation becomes very important for understanding the regional dynamics of the water cycle and their effect on the climate of the whole Mediterranean Sea region.
9783642291715
729-735
Springer
Sofianos, S.
815ee3cd-92b0-4975-a312-6ca783dc2e6b
Vervatis, V.
ea8a60ce-cdac-4331-9260-e21bd48da4dc
Skliris, N.
07af7484-2e14-49aa-9cd3-1979ea9b064e
Somot, S.
158166ef-e3d4-4e18-8f70-5a72212d521b
Lascaratos, A.
168181e0-1bce-4123-be04-853e59b69ed7
Mantziafou, A.
7a9e122a-bae0-457d-8102-89925e7f1a77
Helmis, Costas G.
Nastos, Panagiotis T.
Sofianos, S.
815ee3cd-92b0-4975-a312-6ca783dc2e6b
Vervatis, V.
ea8a60ce-cdac-4331-9260-e21bd48da4dc
Skliris, N.
07af7484-2e14-49aa-9cd3-1979ea9b064e
Somot, S.
158166ef-e3d4-4e18-8f70-5a72212d521b
Lascaratos, A.
168181e0-1bce-4123-be04-853e59b69ed7
Mantziafou, A.
7a9e122a-bae0-457d-8102-89925e7f1a77
Helmis, Costas G.
Nastos, Panagiotis T.

Sofianos, S., Vervatis, V., Skliris, N., Somot, S., Lascaratos, A. and Mantziafou, A. (2012) Climate variability and water mass formation in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. In, Helmis, Costas G. and Nastos, Panagiotis T. (eds.) Advances in Meteorology, Climatology and Atmospheric Physics. (Springer Atmospheric Sciences, , (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29172-2_103)) Berlin, DE. Springer, pp. 729-735. (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29172-2_103).

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

Recent changes of the thermohaline circulation in the Eastern Mediterranean (i.e. the Eastern Mediterranean Transient) and older observations of the thermohaline structure of the Aegean-Levantine region (with events of dramatic changes of deep water characteristics) reveal the very sensitive character of the regional thermohaline circulation pattern. This and the long term variability of seawater characteristics in various Mediterranean basins show that the deep water mass formation processes in the region can be greatly affected by climate variability and the characteristics of the extreme atmospheric forcing events. Theoretical work and modeling experiments point out the effectiveness of extreme events and periods of abnormal atmospheric conditions to produce deep waters of different characteristics and different equilibrium depth. Studying the mechanisms involved in the air-sea interaction under extreme event conditions, with available observations and modeling techniques, and monitoring important sites of water mass formation becomes very important for understanding the regional dynamics of the water cycle and their effect on the climate of the whole Mediterranean Sea region.

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More information

Published date: 2012
Organisations: Physical Oceanography

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 365235
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/365235
ISBN: 9783642291715
PURE UUID: 1b2b2b72-c077-4c04-b460-f7d7803bfb97

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Date deposited: 28 May 2014 11:04
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 02:23

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