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How children with autism spectrum disorder behave and explore the 4-dimensional (spatial 3D + time) environment during a joint attention induction task with a robot

How children with autism spectrum disorder behave and explore the 4-dimensional (spatial 3D + time) environment during a joint attention induction task with a robot
How children with autism spectrum disorder behave and explore the 4-dimensional (spatial 3D + time) environment during a joint attention induction task with a robot
We aimed to compare, during a joint attention (JA) elicitation task, how children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with typical development (TD) behave and explore their 4dimensional (meaning spatial3D + time) when interacting with a human or with a robotic agent. We built a system that employed a Nao robot and a perception system based on a RGB- D sensor (Kinect) to capture social engagement cues. A JA induction experiment was performed in which children with ASD (N = 16) and matched TD children (N = 16) had a3- min interaction with the robotor with a therapist. Nao induced JA by gazing; by gazing and pointing; and by gazing, pointing and vocalizing at pictures. Both groups of children performed well with the therapist. However, with Nao, both groups had lower JA scores, and the children with ASD had a significantly lower score than the TD children. We found that (i) multimodal JA induction was more efficient in both groups; (ii) the 3D spatial world gaze exploration showed less accuracy; and (iii) the trunk position in ASD showed less stability in the 4dimensions compared to TD controls. We conclude that, in ASD, JA skill depends on the interaction partner, and implies a higher motor and cognitive cost.
1750-9467
814-826
Maria Anzalone, Salvatore
f4dc9826-7b7a-44a3-8ffc-09aea122b727
Tilmont, Elodie
8cbdb650-fc0a-49db-bb9c-bfafe91f359f
Boucenna, Sofiane
46f8a8f6-b883-4569-9d0f-a70f79daa663
Xavier, Jean
8218ea04-c161-4496-a2e7-2072207fd374
Jouen, Anne-Lise
9d7f36ab-1609-412b-8e05-f9980ab00cd6
Bodeau, Nicolas
9d20b1db-b02d-46bf-99a0-d516b7e5b1cd
Maharatna, Koushik
93bef0a2-e011-4622-8c56-5447da4cd5dd
Chetouani, Mohamed
088fea41-79af-46a0-9785-6536c07059a1
Cohen, David
ada227d5-129b-4db3-8a0d-0f72aa6b473b
Maria Anzalone, Salvatore
f4dc9826-7b7a-44a3-8ffc-09aea122b727
Tilmont, Elodie
8cbdb650-fc0a-49db-bb9c-bfafe91f359f
Boucenna, Sofiane
46f8a8f6-b883-4569-9d0f-a70f79daa663
Xavier, Jean
8218ea04-c161-4496-a2e7-2072207fd374
Jouen, Anne-Lise
9d7f36ab-1609-412b-8e05-f9980ab00cd6
Bodeau, Nicolas
9d20b1db-b02d-46bf-99a0-d516b7e5b1cd
Maharatna, Koushik
93bef0a2-e011-4622-8c56-5447da4cd5dd
Chetouani, Mohamed
088fea41-79af-46a0-9785-6536c07059a1
Cohen, David
ada227d5-129b-4db3-8a0d-0f72aa6b473b

Maria Anzalone, Salvatore, Tilmont, Elodie, Boucenna, Sofiane, Xavier, Jean, Jouen, Anne-Lise, Bodeau, Nicolas, Maharatna, Koushik, Chetouani, Mohamed and Cohen, David (2014) How children with autism spectrum disorder behave and explore the 4-dimensional (spatial 3D + time) environment during a joint attention induction task with a robot. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8 (7), 814-826. (doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2014.03.002).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We aimed to compare, during a joint attention (JA) elicitation task, how children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with typical development (TD) behave and explore their 4dimensional (meaning spatial3D + time) when interacting with a human or with a robotic agent. We built a system that employed a Nao robot and a perception system based on a RGB- D sensor (Kinect) to capture social engagement cues. A JA induction experiment was performed in which children with ASD (N = 16) and matched TD children (N = 16) had a3- min interaction with the robotor with a therapist. Nao induced JA by gazing; by gazing and pointing; and by gazing, pointing and vocalizing at pictures. Both groups of children performed well with the therapist. However, with Nao, both groups had lower JA scores, and the children with ASD had a significantly lower score than the TD children. We found that (i) multimodal JA induction was more efficient in both groups; (ii) the 3D spatial world gaze exploration showed less accuracy; and (iii) the trunk position in ASD showed less stability in the 4dimensions compared to TD controls. We conclude that, in ASD, JA skill depends on the interaction partner, and implies a higher motor and cognitive cost.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 4 May 2014
Published date: July 2014
Organisations: Electronic & Software Systems

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Local EPrints ID: 365480
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/365480
ISSN: 1750-9467
PURE UUID: 9040cd95-0456-495e-895a-4ce23153229f

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Date deposited: 05 Jun 2014 15:05
Last modified: 28 Aug 2019 18:48

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