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Assessing diets of 3-year-old children: evaluation of an FFQ

Assessing diets of 3-year-old children: evaluation of an FFQ
Assessing diets of 3-year-old children: evaluation of an FFQ
Objective: to evaluate the use of an administered eighty-item FFQ to assess nutrient intake and diet quality in 3-year-old children.

Design: frequency of consumption and portion size of the foods listed on the FFQ during the 3 months preceding the interview were reported by the child's main caregiver; after the interview a 2 d prospective food diary (FD) was completed on behalf of the child. Nutrient intakes from the FFQ and FD were estimated using UK food composition data. Diet quality was assessed from the FFQ and FD according to the child's scores for a principal component analysis-defined dietary pattern (‘prudent’ pattern), characterised by high consumption of fruit, vegetables, water and wholemeal cereals.

Setting: Southampton, UK.

Subjects: children (n 892) aged 3 years in the Southampton Women's Survey.

Results: intakes of all nutrients assessed by the FFQ were higher than FD estimates, but there was reasonable agreement in terms of ranking of children (range of Spearman rank correlations for energy-adjusted nutrient intakes, r s = 0·41 to 0·59). Prudent diet scores estimated from the FFQ and FD were highly correlated (r = 0·72). Some family and child characteristics appeared to influence the ability of the FFQ to rank children, most notably the number of child's meals eaten away from home.

Conclusions: the FFQ provides useful information to allow ranking of children at this age with respect to nutrient intake and quality of diet, but may overestimate absolute intakes. Dietary studies of young children need to consider family and child characteristics that may impact on reporting error associated with an FFQ
dietary assessment, young children, FFQ, misreporting
1368-9800
1069-1077
Jarman, Megan
a684fe3d-0567-4cb6-8985-667263e51457
Fisk, C.M.
24186b43-7bad-4ad4-b786-771c3124cccf
Ntani, G.
9b009e0a-5ab2-4c6e-a9fd-15a601e92be5
Crozier, S.
1f39648f-d527-497f-bb40-319f487a0782
Godfrey, K.M.
0931701e-fe2c-44b5-8f0d-ec5c7477a6fd
Inskip, H.M.
5fb4470a-9379-49b2-a533-9da8e61058b7
Cooper, C.
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6
Robinson, S.M.
ba591c98-4380-456a-be8a-c452f992b69b
Jarman, Megan
a684fe3d-0567-4cb6-8985-667263e51457
Fisk, C.M.
24186b43-7bad-4ad4-b786-771c3124cccf
Ntani, G.
9b009e0a-5ab2-4c6e-a9fd-15a601e92be5
Crozier, S.
1f39648f-d527-497f-bb40-319f487a0782
Godfrey, K.M.
0931701e-fe2c-44b5-8f0d-ec5c7477a6fd
Inskip, H.M.
5fb4470a-9379-49b2-a533-9da8e61058b7
Cooper, C.
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6
Robinson, S.M.
ba591c98-4380-456a-be8a-c452f992b69b

Jarman, Megan, Fisk, C.M., Ntani, G., Crozier, S., Godfrey, K.M., Inskip, H.M., Cooper, C. and Robinson, S.M. (2014) Assessing diets of 3-year-old children: evaluation of an FFQ. Public Health Nutrition, 17 (5), 1069-1077. (doi:10.1017/S136898001300102X.). (PMID:23635946)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: to evaluate the use of an administered eighty-item FFQ to assess nutrient intake and diet quality in 3-year-old children.

Design: frequency of consumption and portion size of the foods listed on the FFQ during the 3 months preceding the interview were reported by the child's main caregiver; after the interview a 2 d prospective food diary (FD) was completed on behalf of the child. Nutrient intakes from the FFQ and FD were estimated using UK food composition data. Diet quality was assessed from the FFQ and FD according to the child's scores for a principal component analysis-defined dietary pattern (‘prudent’ pattern), characterised by high consumption of fruit, vegetables, water and wholemeal cereals.

Setting: Southampton, UK.

Subjects: children (n 892) aged 3 years in the Southampton Women's Survey.

Results: intakes of all nutrients assessed by the FFQ were higher than FD estimates, but there was reasonable agreement in terms of ranking of children (range of Spearman rank correlations for energy-adjusted nutrient intakes, r s = 0·41 to 0·59). Prudent diet scores estimated from the FFQ and FD were highly correlated (r = 0·72). Some family and child characteristics appeared to influence the ability of the FFQ to rank children, most notably the number of child's meals eaten away from home.

Conclusions: the FFQ provides useful information to allow ranking of children at this age with respect to nutrient intake and quality of diet, but may overestimate absolute intakes. Dietary studies of young children need to consider family and child characteristics that may impact on reporting error associated with an FFQ

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More information

Published date: May 2014
Keywords: dietary assessment, young children, FFQ, misreporting
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 365985
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/365985
ISSN: 1368-9800
PURE UUID: 13798354-059d-4041-8db1-2446d477f5d7
ORCID for K.M. Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618
ORCID for H.M. Inskip: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8897-1749
ORCID for C. Cooper: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3510-0709
ORCID for S.M. Robinson: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1766-7269

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 Jun 2014 10:27
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 16:48

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Contributors

Author: Megan Jarman
Author: C.M. Fisk
Author: G. Ntani
Author: S. Crozier
Author: K.M. Godfrey ORCID iD
Author: H.M. Inskip ORCID iD
Author: C. Cooper ORCID iD
Author: S.M. Robinson ORCID iD

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