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Participation in sport in persons with spinal cord injury in Switzerland

Participation in sport in persons with spinal cord injury in Switzerland
Participation in sport in persons with spinal cord injury in Switzerland
Study design:Secondary data analysis of a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Switzerland.Objective:To describe the frequency of participation in sport (PiS) and to identify correlates for PiS in persons with SCI in Switzerland.Setting:Community sampleMethods:Frequency of PiS was assessed retrospectively for the time before the onset of SCI and the time of the survey using a single-item question. A comprehensive set of independent variables was selected from the original questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses and ordinal regressions were carried out.Results:Data from 505 participants were analyzed. Twenty independent variables were selected for analyses. PiS decreased significantly from the time before the onset of SCI to the time of the survey (P<0.001). Sport levels were significantly lower in women than men for the time of the survey (P<0.001), whereas no difference was observed before onset of SCI (P=0.446). Persons with tetraplegia participated significantly less often in sport than persons with paraplegia (P<0.001). Lesion level, active membership in a club, frequency of PiS before the onset of SCI and the subjective evaluation of the importance of sport correlate with PiS. When controlling for gender differences, only the subjective importance of sport for persons with SCI determines PiS, particularly among women.Conclusions:Persons with tetraplegia and women need special attention when planning interventions to improve PiS. Furthermore, the subjective importance of sport is important for PiS, particularly among women, whereas most other factors were only weakly associated with PiS.
1362-4393
706-711
Rauch, A.
54f0b19a-a78d-4ad8-bc45-b3d32d3b60af
Fekete, C.
71e0f9a4-5d39-48a3-adca-056949093fb0
Oberhauser, C.
19bd72f4-7be9-42f2-9152-b91eec5689e0
Marti, A.
c36a74dd-1a81-438d-9232-2c23867cd399
Cieza, A.
a0df25c5-ee2c-4580-82b3-d0a75591580e
Rauch, A.
54f0b19a-a78d-4ad8-bc45-b3d32d3b60af
Fekete, C.
71e0f9a4-5d39-48a3-adca-056949093fb0
Oberhauser, C.
19bd72f4-7be9-42f2-9152-b91eec5689e0
Marti, A.
c36a74dd-1a81-438d-9232-2c23867cd399
Cieza, A.
a0df25c5-ee2c-4580-82b3-d0a75591580e

Rauch, A., Fekete, C., Oberhauser, C., Marti, A. and Cieza, A. (2014) Participation in sport in persons with spinal cord injury in Switzerland. Spinal Cord, 52 (9), 706-711. (doi:10.1038/sc.2014.102). (PMID:24937697)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Study design:Secondary data analysis of a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Switzerland.Objective:To describe the frequency of participation in sport (PiS) and to identify correlates for PiS in persons with SCI in Switzerland.Setting:Community sampleMethods:Frequency of PiS was assessed retrospectively for the time before the onset of SCI and the time of the survey using a single-item question. A comprehensive set of independent variables was selected from the original questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses and ordinal regressions were carried out.Results:Data from 505 participants were analyzed. Twenty independent variables were selected for analyses. PiS decreased significantly from the time before the onset of SCI to the time of the survey (P<0.001). Sport levels were significantly lower in women than men for the time of the survey (P<0.001), whereas no difference was observed before onset of SCI (P=0.446). Persons with tetraplegia participated significantly less often in sport than persons with paraplegia (P<0.001). Lesion level, active membership in a club, frequency of PiS before the onset of SCI and the subjective evaluation of the importance of sport correlate with PiS. When controlling for gender differences, only the subjective importance of sport for persons with SCI determines PiS, particularly among women.Conclusions:Persons with tetraplegia and women need special attention when planning interventions to improve PiS. Furthermore, the subjective importance of sport is important for PiS, particularly among women, whereas most other factors were only weakly associated with PiS.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 17 June 2014
Published date: 2014
Organisations: Psychology

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Local EPrints ID: 366223
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/366223
ISSN: 1362-4393
PURE UUID: 9a79a038-d30f-499d-a169-75ff6b75c247

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Date deposited: 26 Jun 2014 12:30
Last modified: 16 Jul 2019 21:02

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