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Individual and work-related risk factors for musculoskeletal pain: a cross-sectional study among Estonian computer users

Individual and work-related risk factors for musculoskeletal pain: a cross-sectional study among Estonian computer users
Individual and work-related risk factors for musculoskeletal pain: a cross-sectional study among Estonian computer users
Background

Occupational use of computers has increased rapidly over recent decades, and has been linked with various musculoskeletal disorders, which are now the most commonly diagnosed occupational diseases in Estonia. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain (MSP) by anatomical region during the past 12 months and to investigate its association with personal characteristics and work-related risk factors among Estonian office workers using computers.
Methods

In a cross-sectional survey, the questionnaires were sent to the 415 computer users. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire from 202 computer users at two universities in Estonia. The questionnaire asked about MSP at different anatomical sites, and potential individual and work related risk factors. Associations with risk factors were assessed by logistic regression.
Results

Most respondents (77%) reported MSP in at least one anatomical region during the past 12 months. Most prevalent was pain in the neck (51%), followed by low back pain (42%), wrist/hand pain (35%) and shoulder pain (30%). Older age, right-handedness, not currently smoking, emotional exhaustion, belief that musculoskeletal problems are commonly caused by work, and low job security were the statistically significant risk factors for MSP in different anatomical sites.
Conclusions

A high prevalence of MSP in the neck, low back, wrist/arm and shoulder was observed among Estonian computer users. Psychosocial risk factors were broadly consistent with those reported from elsewhere. While computer users should be aware of ergonomic techniques that can make their work easier and more comfortable, presenting computer use as a serious health hazard may modify health beliefs in a way that is unhelpful.
computer workers, musculoskeletal pain, risk factors, CUPID study
1-5
Oha, K.
13262320-7ecb-4b6c-9997-57faaf0b215a
Animagi, L.
f7bf5d6d-45a3-4add-8d0d-8e701f2d0b48
Passuke, M.
a864a6ed-8dea-4558-aa91-c2d9dcd7b327
Coggon, D.
2b43ce0a-cc61-4d86-b15d-794208ffa5d3
Merisalu, E.
6b9c0210-26a1-4021-ad81-be55048f320c
Oha, K.
13262320-7ecb-4b6c-9997-57faaf0b215a
Animagi, L.
f7bf5d6d-45a3-4add-8d0d-8e701f2d0b48
Passuke, M.
a864a6ed-8dea-4558-aa91-c2d9dcd7b327
Coggon, D.
2b43ce0a-cc61-4d86-b15d-794208ffa5d3
Merisalu, E.
6b9c0210-26a1-4021-ad81-be55048f320c

Oha, K., Animagi, L., Passuke, M., Coggon, D. and Merisalu, E. (2014) Individual and work-related risk factors for musculoskeletal pain: a cross-sectional study among Estonian computer users. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 15 (181), 1-5. (doi:10.1186/1471-2474-15-181). (PMID:24884911)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background

Occupational use of computers has increased rapidly over recent decades, and has been linked with various musculoskeletal disorders, which are now the most commonly diagnosed occupational diseases in Estonia. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain (MSP) by anatomical region during the past 12 months and to investigate its association with personal characteristics and work-related risk factors among Estonian office workers using computers.
Methods

In a cross-sectional survey, the questionnaires were sent to the 415 computer users. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire from 202 computer users at two universities in Estonia. The questionnaire asked about MSP at different anatomical sites, and potential individual and work related risk factors. Associations with risk factors were assessed by logistic regression.
Results

Most respondents (77%) reported MSP in at least one anatomical region during the past 12 months. Most prevalent was pain in the neck (51%), followed by low back pain (42%), wrist/hand pain (35%) and shoulder pain (30%). Older age, right-handedness, not currently smoking, emotional exhaustion, belief that musculoskeletal problems are commonly caused by work, and low job security were the statistically significant risk factors for MSP in different anatomical sites.
Conclusions

A high prevalence of MSP in the neck, low back, wrist/arm and shoulder was observed among Estonian computer users. Psychosocial risk factors were broadly consistent with those reported from elsewhere. While computer users should be aware of ergonomic techniques that can make their work easier and more comfortable, presenting computer use as a serious health hazard may modify health beliefs in a way that is unhelpful.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 28 May 2014
Published date: 28 May 2014
Keywords: computer workers, musculoskeletal pain, risk factors, CUPID study
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 366355
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/366355
PURE UUID: b69a595a-ec4a-4acd-982e-bf347958bcb0
ORCID for D. Coggon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1930-3987

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Jun 2014 14:11
Last modified: 05 Nov 2019 02:01

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Contributors

Author: K. Oha
Author: L. Animagi
Author: M. Passuke
Author: D. Coggon ORCID iD
Author: E. Merisalu

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