The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

3D imaging of the tensile failure mechanisms of carbon fibre composites

3D imaging of the tensile failure mechanisms of carbon fibre composites
3D imaging of the tensile failure mechanisms of carbon fibre composites
Synchrotron radiation computed tomography (SRCT) has been used to analyse the tensile failure mechanisms in carbon fibre/epoxy composites. Two specimen types were analysed – in situ loaded coupons and filament wound samples, taken from incrementally loaded cylinders and scanned “post mortem”. The effects of fibre, matrix and interfacial properties on the initiation and accumulation of fibre breaks have been analysed. Breaks accumulated on a power law curve as a function of fibre stress; however the fibre and matrix moduli had little effect on accumulation. Initial analysis of the fibre Weibull moduli showed little correlation between Weibull modulus and break accumulation. Singlets initiated in low fibre volume fraction areas; however a full investigation into the effects of varying fibre volume fraction has not been possible.

Attention was focused on the formation of interacting groups of broken fibres (clusters), as they are believed to be the strength-defining failure event. The in situ coupons had much larger maximum cluster sizes than the filament wound counterparts (14 vs. 9), and a correlation between high break density and low cluster percentage is proposed. No simple correlations were found between fibre/matrix moduli and the clustering parameters. Clusters formed in one load step, and did not grow from singlets or smaller clusters, which suggests a dynamic process. The interface is suggested to be key to damage initiation and propagation.

The work provides links between experimental studies and simulation tools by informing and validating a micromechanical tensile failure model. Comparisons between experimental and modelled results found that the model accurately predicted the composite failure strain but not the complex damage accumulation processes. The model under-predicted both cluster size and the proportion of interacting breaks; this is attributed to the inaccurate modelling of the stress transfer process. Both experimentally and analytically the dominant parameter controlling clustering was the overall stress concentration factor. This has been infrequently analysed in work published in the literature, and is the recommended focus of the future work.
Morton, Hannah
64a64a10-a60d-4028-bcb0-d1d50e3726a4
Morton, Hannah
64a64a10-a60d-4028-bcb0-d1d50e3726a4
Reed, Philippa
8b79d87f-3288-4167-bcfc-c1de4b93ce17

Morton, Hannah (2014) 3D imaging of the tensile failure mechanisms of carbon fibre composites. University of Southampton, Engineering and the Environment, Doctoral Thesis, 265pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

Synchrotron radiation computed tomography (SRCT) has been used to analyse the tensile failure mechanisms in carbon fibre/epoxy composites. Two specimen types were analysed – in situ loaded coupons and filament wound samples, taken from incrementally loaded cylinders and scanned “post mortem”. The effects of fibre, matrix and interfacial properties on the initiation and accumulation of fibre breaks have been analysed. Breaks accumulated on a power law curve as a function of fibre stress; however the fibre and matrix moduli had little effect on accumulation. Initial analysis of the fibre Weibull moduli showed little correlation between Weibull modulus and break accumulation. Singlets initiated in low fibre volume fraction areas; however a full investigation into the effects of varying fibre volume fraction has not been possible.

Attention was focused on the formation of interacting groups of broken fibres (clusters), as they are believed to be the strength-defining failure event. The in situ coupons had much larger maximum cluster sizes than the filament wound counterparts (14 vs. 9), and a correlation between high break density and low cluster percentage is proposed. No simple correlations were found between fibre/matrix moduli and the clustering parameters. Clusters formed in one load step, and did not grow from singlets or smaller clusters, which suggests a dynamic process. The interface is suggested to be key to damage initiation and propagation.

The work provides links between experimental studies and simulation tools by informing and validating a micromechanical tensile failure model. Comparisons between experimental and modelled results found that the model accurately predicted the composite failure strain but not the complex damage accumulation processes. The model under-predicted both cluster size and the proportion of interacting breaks; this is attributed to the inaccurate modelling of the stress transfer process. Both experimentally and analytically the dominant parameter controlling clustering was the overall stress concentration factor. This has been infrequently analysed in work published in the literature, and is the recommended focus of the future work.

PDF
final_corrections.pdf - Other
Download (9MB)

More information

Published date: May 2014
Organisations: University of Southampton, Engineering Mats & Surface Engineerg Gp

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 366506
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/366506
PURE UUID: 1103cd99-7aad-4bf8-a09b-1193fa316a88
ORCID for Philippa Reed: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2258-0347

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Oct 2014 12:11
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:09

Export record

Contributors

Author: Hannah Morton
Thesis advisor: Philippa Reed ORCID iD

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×