The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

The biofilm matrix at sub-inhibitory concentrations of vancomycin

The biofilm matrix at sub-inhibitory concentrations of vancomycin
The biofilm matrix at sub-inhibitory concentrations of vancomycin
Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm formation is a primary cause of medical device infections, which are persistent and difficult to eradicate because biofilms intrinsically exhibit a naturally high level of antibiotic resistance. Although biofilm antibiotic resistance or tolerance is a multifactorial process, some mechanisms such as limited diffusion, low metabolic activity and persister cells, contribute to the failure of antibiotics in the treatment of biofilm infections.

Current, antibiotic treatment strategies may provide biofilm infections with intermittent exposure to sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MIC) of antibiotics. Biofilms have been shown to display an increase in antibiotic tolerance when exposed to antibiotics at sub-MIC. Such mechanisms of adaptive antibiotic resistance are not well characterized but are of extreme clinical importance.

This project showed that exposure to sub-MIC vancomycin increases the virulence of S. epidermidis biofilms because it induces vancomycin tolerance. BODIPY FL-vancomycin (fluorescent vancomycin conjugate) and confocal microscopy were used to show that the penetration of vancomycin through sub-MIC vancomycin pre-treated S. epidermidis biofilms was impeded, when compared to control, untreated biofilms. In addition, the results showed that a wide range of sub-MIC vancomycin concentrations induced an increased amount of extracellular DNA (eDNA) within the matrix of sub-MIC vancomycin treated biofilms. Finally, a set of ex vivo experiments using extracted exogenous S. epidermidis DNA revealed that exogenous S. epidermidis DNA binds vancomycin. Collectively these findings suggest that sub-MIC vancomycin exposure increase the abundance of eDNA in the matrix of S. epidermidis biofilms, which protects the biofilm community from subsequent vancomycin exposure by binding vancomycin as it travels through the matrix.

Therefore the work in this project provides details of an eDNA-based mechanism of adaptive antibiotic tolerance in sub-MIC vancomycin treated S. epidermidis biofilms, which might be an important factor in the persistence of biofilms infections.
Doroshenko, Natalya
0ad4ccfc-5b80-41b1-a7af-4a6feba4f93c
Doroshenko, Natalya
0ad4ccfc-5b80-41b1-a7af-4a6feba4f93c
Stoodley, Paul
08614665-92a9-4466-806e-20c6daeb483f

Doroshenko, Natalya (2014) The biofilm matrix at sub-inhibitory concentrations of vancomycin. University of Southampton, Engineering and the Environment, Doctoral Thesis, 205pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm formation is a primary cause of medical device infections, which are persistent and difficult to eradicate because biofilms intrinsically exhibit a naturally high level of antibiotic resistance. Although biofilm antibiotic resistance or tolerance is a multifactorial process, some mechanisms such as limited diffusion, low metabolic activity and persister cells, contribute to the failure of antibiotics in the treatment of biofilm infections.

Current, antibiotic treatment strategies may provide biofilm infections with intermittent exposure to sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MIC) of antibiotics. Biofilms have been shown to display an increase in antibiotic tolerance when exposed to antibiotics at sub-MIC. Such mechanisms of adaptive antibiotic resistance are not well characterized but are of extreme clinical importance.

This project showed that exposure to sub-MIC vancomycin increases the virulence of S. epidermidis biofilms because it induces vancomycin tolerance. BODIPY FL-vancomycin (fluorescent vancomycin conjugate) and confocal microscopy were used to show that the penetration of vancomycin through sub-MIC vancomycin pre-treated S. epidermidis biofilms was impeded, when compared to control, untreated biofilms. In addition, the results showed that a wide range of sub-MIC vancomycin concentrations induced an increased amount of extracellular DNA (eDNA) within the matrix of sub-MIC vancomycin treated biofilms. Finally, a set of ex vivo experiments using extracted exogenous S. epidermidis DNA revealed that exogenous S. epidermidis DNA binds vancomycin. Collectively these findings suggest that sub-MIC vancomycin exposure increase the abundance of eDNA in the matrix of S. epidermidis biofilms, which protects the biofilm community from subsequent vancomycin exposure by binding vancomycin as it travels through the matrix.

Therefore the work in this project provides details of an eDNA-based mechanism of adaptive antibiotic tolerance in sub-MIC vancomycin treated S. epidermidis biofilms, which might be an important factor in the persistence of biofilms infections.

PDF
N. Doroshenko_final_thesis.pdf - Other
Download (4MB)

More information

Published date: April 2014
Organisations: University of Southampton, Civil Maritime & Env. Eng & Sci Unit

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 366538
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/366538
PURE UUID: 8caeb862-5f8c-4073-a731-9b9ef359f751
ORCID for Paul Stoodley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6069-273X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Oct 2014 12:53
Last modified: 19 Jun 2019 00:33

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×