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Associations of self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs and coping style with depression in patients with schizophrenia: a preliminary survey

Associations of self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs and coping style with depression in patients with schizophrenia: a preliminary survey
Associations of self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs and coping style with depression in patients with schizophrenia: a preliminary survey
Psychological models of depression in schizophrenia have proposed that cognitive structures (e.g., self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs) may have a role in the development and maintenance of depression. However, it has not been clear what the characteristics of these cognitive structures were in people with schizophrenia and whether they have an independent association with depression, especially in those from a Chinese cultural background. The present investigation examined 133 people with schizophrenia and 50 healthy controls and indicated that compared to the controls people with schizophrenia showed lower self-esteem, higher levels of dysfunctional beliefs and negative coping styles. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that only low frustration tolerance, problem solving and self-blame were found to be the independent correlates of depression in schizophrenia. Results are discussed with the view of clinical implications of cognitive formulation and therapy for schizophrenia in China.
self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs, coping style, depression, schizophrenia
340 -345
Xu, Z.Y.
3d2ad472-b803-4adf-abf5-b37f408424d5
Zu, S.
41b130a1-d0c9-400f-8a9f-8d530c53d566
Xiang, Y.T.
3006c551-314d-4d4d-8147-f18f126cc90e
Wang, N.
feab57f9-464a-4b5c-918a-e10a25189d7e
Guo, Z.H.
dc532ed6-6c79-46ed-8724-d686b986ec89
Kilbourne, A.M.
f2f9e141-237e-4aa1-bdce-6fbe4461aef2
Brabban, A.
421aeb7e-7c16-410f-818f-7eb0c3a91509
Kingdon, D.
14cdc422-10b4-4b2d-88ec-24fde5f4329b
Li, Z.J.
3f014740-5763-43ea-99e6-dacba7a291bd
Xu, Z.Y.
3d2ad472-b803-4adf-abf5-b37f408424d5
Zu, S.
41b130a1-d0c9-400f-8a9f-8d530c53d566
Xiang, Y.T.
3006c551-314d-4d4d-8147-f18f126cc90e
Wang, N.
feab57f9-464a-4b5c-918a-e10a25189d7e
Guo, Z.H.
dc532ed6-6c79-46ed-8724-d686b986ec89
Kilbourne, A.M.
f2f9e141-237e-4aa1-bdce-6fbe4461aef2
Brabban, A.
421aeb7e-7c16-410f-818f-7eb0c3a91509
Kingdon, D.
14cdc422-10b4-4b2d-88ec-24fde5f4329b
Li, Z.J.
3f014740-5763-43ea-99e6-dacba7a291bd

Xu, Z.Y., Zu, S., Xiang, Y.T., Wang, N., Guo, Z.H., Kilbourne, A.M., Brabban, A., Kingdon, D. and Li, Z.J. (2013) Associations of self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs and coping style with depression in patients with schizophrenia: a preliminary survey. Psychiatry Research, 209 (3), 340 -345. (doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2013.02.012). (PMID:23537843)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Psychological models of depression in schizophrenia have proposed that cognitive structures (e.g., self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs) may have a role in the development and maintenance of depression. However, it has not been clear what the characteristics of these cognitive structures were in people with schizophrenia and whether they have an independent association with depression, especially in those from a Chinese cultural background. The present investigation examined 133 people with schizophrenia and 50 healthy controls and indicated that compared to the controls people with schizophrenia showed lower self-esteem, higher levels of dysfunctional beliefs and negative coping styles. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that only low frustration tolerance, problem solving and self-blame were found to be the independent correlates of depression in schizophrenia. Results are discussed with the view of clinical implications of cognitive formulation and therapy for schizophrenia in China.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 28 March 2013
Published date: 30 October 2013
Keywords: self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs, coping style, depression, schizophrenia
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

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Local EPrints ID: 367276
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/367276
PURE UUID: 8b554f35-c2a1-4c80-9400-b56f7c497269

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Date deposited: 19 Aug 2014 11:29
Last modified: 16 Jul 2019 20:59

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Contributors

Author: Z.Y. Xu
Author: S. Zu
Author: Y.T. Xiang
Author: N. Wang
Author: Z.H. Guo
Author: A.M. Kilbourne
Author: A. Brabban
Author: D. Kingdon
Author: Z.J. Li

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