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Gendered patterns of migration in rural South Africa

Gendered patterns of migration in rural South Africa
Gendered patterns of migration in rural South Africa
Gender is increasingly recognised as fundamental to understanding migration processes, causes, and consequences. In South Africa, it is intrinsic to the social transformations fueling high levels of internal migration and complex forms of mobility. Although female migration in Africa has often been characterised as less prevalent than male migration and primarily related to marriage, in South Africa, a feminisation of internal migration is underway, fueled by women's increasing labour market participation. In this paper, we report sex differences in patterns, trends, and determinants of internal migration based on data collected in a demographic surveillance system between 2001 and 2006 in rural KwaZulu-Natal. We show that women were somewhat more likely than men to undertake any migration, but sex differences in migration trends differed by migration flow, with women more likely to migrate into the area than men and men more likely to out-migrate. Out-migration was suppressed by marriage, particularly for women, but most women were not married; both men's and women's out-migrations were undertaken mainly for purposes of employment. Over half of female out-migrations (vs 35% of male out-migrations) were to nearby rural areas. The findings highlight the high mobility of this population and the extent to which gender is intimately related to the processes determining migration. We consider the implications of these findings for the measurement of migration and mobility, in particular for health and social policy and research among highly mobile populations in southern Africa.
gender, migration, mobility, south africa
1544-8444
528-551
Camlin, Carol S.
b996df13-d337-4a6f-beb1-488c3eed3322
Snow, Rachel C.
18157d44-ec5e-4c4d-a49f-794ee53d5b21
Hosegood, Victoria
c59a89d5-5edc-42dd-b282-f44458fd2993
Camlin, Carol S.
b996df13-d337-4a6f-beb1-488c3eed3322
Snow, Rachel C.
18157d44-ec5e-4c4d-a49f-794ee53d5b21
Hosegood, Victoria
c59a89d5-5edc-42dd-b282-f44458fd2993

Camlin, Carol S., Snow, Rachel C. and Hosegood, Victoria (2014) Gendered patterns of migration in rural South Africa. Population, Space and Place, 20 (6), 528-551. (doi:10.1002/psp.1794).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Gender is increasingly recognised as fundamental to understanding migration processes, causes, and consequences. In South Africa, it is intrinsic to the social transformations fueling high levels of internal migration and complex forms of mobility. Although female migration in Africa has often been characterised as less prevalent than male migration and primarily related to marriage, in South Africa, a feminisation of internal migration is underway, fueled by women's increasing labour market participation. In this paper, we report sex differences in patterns, trends, and determinants of internal migration based on data collected in a demographic surveillance system between 2001 and 2006 in rural KwaZulu-Natal. We show that women were somewhat more likely than men to undertake any migration, but sex differences in migration trends differed by migration flow, with women more likely to migrate into the area than men and men more likely to out-migrate. Out-migration was suppressed by marriage, particularly for women, but most women were not married; both men's and women's out-migrations were undertaken mainly for purposes of employment. Over half of female out-migrations (vs 35% of male out-migrations) were to nearby rural areas. The findings highlight the high mobility of this population and the extent to which gender is intimately related to the processes determining migration. We consider the implications of these findings for the measurement of migration and mobility, in particular for health and social policy and research among highly mobile populations in southern Africa.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 30 May 2013
Published date: August 2014
Keywords: gender, migration, mobility, south africa
Organisations: Social Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 367359
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/367359
ISSN: 1544-8444
PURE UUID: 819e63d4-51e9-42ac-a5f6-2d06afb97e37
ORCID for Victoria Hosegood: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2244-2518

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Date deposited: 28 Jul 2014 15:14
Last modified: 21 Nov 2021 03:04

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Contributors

Author: Carol S. Camlin
Author: Rachel C. Snow

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