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A fluorogenic heterogeneous immunoassay for cardiac muscle troponin cTnI on a digital microfluidic device

Tsaloglou, Maria-Nefeli, Jacobs, Adrian and Morgan, Hywel (2014) A fluorogenic heterogeneous immunoassay for cardiac muscle troponin cTnI on a digital microfluidic device Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 406, (24), pp. 5967-5976. (doi:10.1007/s00216-014-7997-z).

Record type: Article


We describe a fluorogenic two-site noncompetitive heterogeneous immunoassay with magnetic beads on a low-voltage digital microfluidic platform using closed electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD). All the steps of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were performed on the device using 9H-(1, 3-dichloro-9, 9-dimethylacridin-2-one-7-yl) phosphate as the fluorogenic substrate for the enzyme alkaline phosphatase. The performance of the system was demonstrated with cardiac marker Troponin I (cTnI) as a model analyte in phosphate-buffered saline samples. cTnI was detected within the diagnostically relevant range with a limit of detection of 2.0 ng/mL (CV?=?6.47 %). Washing of magnetic beads was achieved by movement through a narrow region of buffer bridging one drop to another with minimal fluid transfer. More than 90 % of the unbound reagents were removed after five washes. Further experiments testing human blood serum on the same platform demonstrated a sample-to-answer time at ?18.5 min detecting 6.79 ng/mL cTnI.

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Accepted/In Press date: 24 June 2014
e-pub ahead of print date: 30 July 2014
Published date: September 2014
Organisations: Electronics & Computer Science


Local EPrints ID: 368168
ISSN: 1618-2642
PURE UUID: 34207a90-9532-4734-96a7-7bce849f23b8
ORCID for Hywel Morgan: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 19 Aug 2014 12:39
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 01:50

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Author: Maria-Nefeli Tsaloglou
Author: Adrian Jacobs
Author: Hywel Morgan ORCID iD

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