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Pancultural nostalgia: prototypical conceptions across cultures.

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Nostalgia is a frequently experienced complex emotion, understood by laypersons in the United Kingdom and United States of America to (a) refer prototypically to fond, self-relevant, social memories and (b) be more pleasant (e.g., happy, warm) than unpleasant (e.g., sad, regretful). This research examined whether people across cultures conceive of nostalgia in the same way. Students in 18 countries across 5 continents (N = 1,704) rated the prototypicality of 35 features of nostalgia. The samples showed high levels of agreement on the rank-order of features. In all countries, participants rated previously identified central (vs. peripheral) features as more prototypical of nostalgia, and showed greater interindividual agreement regarding central (vs. peripheral) features. Cluster analyses revealed subtle variation among groups of countries with respect to the strength of these pancultural patterns. All except African countries manifested the same factor structure of nostalgia features. Additional exemplars generated by participants in an open-ended format did not entail elaboration of the existing set of 35 features. Findings identified key points of cross-cultural agreement regarding conceptions of nostalgia, supporting the notion that nostalgia is a pancultural emotion.

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Hepper, Erica G., Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Ritchie, Timothy D., Yung, Yiu-Fai, Hansen, Nina, Abakoumkin, Georgios, Arikan, Gizem, Cisek, Sylwia Z., Demassosso, Didier B., Gebauer, Jochen E., Gerber, J. P., González, Roberto, Kusumi, Takashi, Misra, Girishwar, Rusu, Mihaela, Ryan, Oisín, Stephan, Elena, Vingerhoets, Ad J. J. and Zhou, Xinyue (2014) Pancultural nostalgia: prototypical conceptions across cultures. Emotion, 14, (4), pp. 733-747. (doi:10.1037/a0036790).

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Published date: August 2014
Organisations: Psychology


Local EPrints ID: 368659
ISSN: 1528-3542
PURE UUID: afea4d52-d03c-49d8-b943-2a77349ecee6

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Date deposited: 06 Sep 2014 15:19
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 01:44

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Author: Erica G. Hepper
Author: Tim Wildschut
Author: Timothy D. Ritchie
Author: Yiu-Fai Yung
Author: Nina Hansen
Author: Georgios Abakoumkin
Author: Gizem Arikan
Author: Sylwia Z. Cisek
Author: Didier B. Demassosso
Author: Jochen E. Gebauer
Author: J. P. Gerber
Author: Roberto González
Author: Takashi Kusumi
Author: Girishwar Misra
Author: Mihaela Rusu
Author: Oisín Ryan
Author: Elena Stephan
Author: Ad J. J. Vingerhoets
Author: Xinyue Zhou

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