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The hafnium and neodymium isotope composition of seawater in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean

The hafnium and neodymium isotope composition of seawater in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean
The hafnium and neodymium isotope composition of seawater in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean
We present the first combined dissolved hafnium (Hf) and neodymium (Nd) concentrations and isotope compositions of deep water masses from the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Eight full depth profiles were analyzed for Hf and twelve for Nd. Hafnium concentrations are generally depleted in the upper few hundred meters ranging between 0.2 pmol/kg and 0.4 pmol/kg and increase to relatively constant values of around 0.6 pmol/kg in the deeper water column. At the stations north of the Polar Front (PF), Nd concentrations increase linearly from about 10 pmol/kg at depths of ~ 200 m to up to 31 pmol/kg close to the bottom indicating particle scavenging and release. Within the Weddell Gyre (WG), however, Nd concentrations are essentially constant at 25 pmol/kg at depths greater than ~ 1000 m. The distributions of both elements show a positive correlation with dissolved silicon implying a close linkage to diatom biogeochemistry.

Hafnium essentially shows invariant isotope compositions with values averaging at ?Hf = + 4.6, whereas Nd isotopes mark distinct differences between water masses, such as modified North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW, ?Nd = ? 11 to ? 10) and Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW, ?Nd = ? 8.6 to ? 9.6), but also waters locally advected via the Agulhas Current can be identified by their unradiogenic Nd isotope compositions. Mixing calculations suggest that a small fraction of Nd is removed by particle scavenging during mixing of water masses north of the PF. Nevertheless, the Nd isotope composition has apparently not been significantly affected by uptake and release of Nd from particles, as indicated by mixing calculations. A mixing envelope of an approximated North Pacific and a North Atlantic end-member shows that Nd isotope and concentration patterns in the Lower Circumpolar Deep Water (LCDW) can be fully explained by ~ 30:70 percentage contributions of these respective end-members.
hafnium, neodymium, seawater, Southern Ocean, radiogenic isotopes
0012-821X
282-294
Stichel, Torben
c04e16ca-782d-47af-b955-7bbdd9e7f91d
Frank, Martin
09ec65ac-f62d-41da-86b2-81908973b8a1
Rickli, Jörg
c9b959cc-aa18-4eb7-9fa8-0a59299f74fe
Haley, Brian A.
d6375324-0988-4da9-bc69-391a48d4a91c
Stichel, Torben
c04e16ca-782d-47af-b955-7bbdd9e7f91d
Frank, Martin
09ec65ac-f62d-41da-86b2-81908973b8a1
Rickli, Jörg
c9b959cc-aa18-4eb7-9fa8-0a59299f74fe
Haley, Brian A.
d6375324-0988-4da9-bc69-391a48d4a91c

Stichel, Torben, Frank, Martin, Rickli, Jörg and Haley, Brian A. (2012) The hafnium and neodymium isotope composition of seawater in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 317-318, 282-294. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.11.025).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We present the first combined dissolved hafnium (Hf) and neodymium (Nd) concentrations and isotope compositions of deep water masses from the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Eight full depth profiles were analyzed for Hf and twelve for Nd. Hafnium concentrations are generally depleted in the upper few hundred meters ranging between 0.2 pmol/kg and 0.4 pmol/kg and increase to relatively constant values of around 0.6 pmol/kg in the deeper water column. At the stations north of the Polar Front (PF), Nd concentrations increase linearly from about 10 pmol/kg at depths of ~ 200 m to up to 31 pmol/kg close to the bottom indicating particle scavenging and release. Within the Weddell Gyre (WG), however, Nd concentrations are essentially constant at 25 pmol/kg at depths greater than ~ 1000 m. The distributions of both elements show a positive correlation with dissolved silicon implying a close linkage to diatom biogeochemistry.

Hafnium essentially shows invariant isotope compositions with values averaging at ?Hf = + 4.6, whereas Nd isotopes mark distinct differences between water masses, such as modified North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW, ?Nd = ? 11 to ? 10) and Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW, ?Nd = ? 8.6 to ? 9.6), but also waters locally advected via the Agulhas Current can be identified by their unradiogenic Nd isotope compositions. Mixing calculations suggest that a small fraction of Nd is removed by particle scavenging during mixing of water masses north of the PF. Nevertheless, the Nd isotope composition has apparently not been significantly affected by uptake and release of Nd from particles, as indicated by mixing calculations. A mixing envelope of an approximated North Pacific and a North Atlantic end-member shows that Nd isotope and concentration patterns in the Lower Circumpolar Deep Water (LCDW) can be fully explained by ~ 30:70 percentage contributions of these respective end-members.

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Published date: 1 February 2012
Keywords: hafnium, neodymium, seawater, Southern Ocean, radiogenic isotopes
Organisations: Geochemistry

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Local EPrints ID: 368776
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/368776
ISSN: 0012-821X
PURE UUID: 06bed640-eccb-4f77-8324-e5d340f657a6

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Date deposited: 16 Sep 2014 09:33
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 21:45

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Author: Torben Stichel
Author: Martin Frank
Author: Jörg Rickli
Author: Brian A. Haley

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