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Ship wake field analysis using a coupled BEMt-RANS approach

Ship wake field analysis using a coupled BEMt-RANS approach
Ship wake field analysis using a coupled BEMt-RANS approach

The prediction of a ship’s wake field and self-propulsion capabilities has traditionally been centered on experiments; however with the advancement in modern computing power, this can be achieved through the use of computational methods. An advantage with the use of CFD is its ability to provide insight into flow characteristics close to the wall, which are difficult to obtain through experiments. The most interesting and challenging aspect of using CFD in this analysis, is the influence of the propeller action and the unsteady hydrodynamic of the rudder working in the propeller wake. One approach to address the problem is to discretize the ship, propulsor and the rudder using unsteady RANS computations (Carrica et al., 2011). Due to the small time steps and high computational cost involved, simulations are often performed using representative propeller models or body force method. The level of complexities in the body force propeller approach varies from prescribing the body forces, Badoe et al., (2012), Phillips et al., (2010), through to coupling a more complex propeller performance code which accounts for the non-uniform inflow at the propeller plane, Phillips et al., (2009). There are several self-propulsion computations using body force propeller models reported in the literature. Banks et al., (2010) performed a RANS simulation of multiphase flow around the KCS hull form using a propeller model with force distribution based on the Hough and Ordway thrust and torque distribution (Hough and Ordway, 1965). Simonsen and Stern, (2003) coupled a body force propeller model based on potential theory formulation in which the propeller was represented by bound vortex sheets on the propeller disk and free vortices shed from the downstream of the propeller to a RANS code to simulate the manoeuvring characteristic of the Esso Osaka with a rudder.
In the present work an investigation is carried out into the sensitivity with which the wakefield of a container ship in calm water is resolved using a coupled BEMt-RANS sectorial approach.
Badoe, C.
d3961c00-c6ca-4c5d-8b33-5c2e751bac10
Turnock, S.R.
d6442f5c-d9af-4fdb-8406-7c79a92b26ce
Phillips, A.B.
f565b1da-6881-4e2a-8729-c082b869028f
Badoe, C.
d3961c00-c6ca-4c5d-8b33-5c2e751bac10
Turnock, S.R.
d6442f5c-d9af-4fdb-8406-7c79a92b26ce
Phillips, A.B.
f565b1da-6881-4e2a-8729-c082b869028f

Badoe, C., Turnock, S.R. and Phillips, A.B. (2014) Ship wake field analysis using a coupled BEMt-RANS approach. NuTTS ’14: 17th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium, Marstrand, Sweden. 27 - 29 Sep 2014. 6 pp .

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract


The prediction of a ship’s wake field and self-propulsion capabilities has traditionally been centered on experiments; however with the advancement in modern computing power, this can be achieved through the use of computational methods. An advantage with the use of CFD is its ability to provide insight into flow characteristics close to the wall, which are difficult to obtain through experiments. The most interesting and challenging aspect of using CFD in this analysis, is the influence of the propeller action and the unsteady hydrodynamic of the rudder working in the propeller wake. One approach to address the problem is to discretize the ship, propulsor and the rudder using unsteady RANS computations (Carrica et al., 2011). Due to the small time steps and high computational cost involved, simulations are often performed using representative propeller models or body force method. The level of complexities in the body force propeller approach varies from prescribing the body forces, Badoe et al., (2012), Phillips et al., (2010), through to coupling a more complex propeller performance code which accounts for the non-uniform inflow at the propeller plane, Phillips et al., (2009). There are several self-propulsion computations using body force propeller models reported in the literature. Banks et al., (2010) performed a RANS simulation of multiphase flow around the KCS hull form using a propeller model with force distribution based on the Hough and Ordway thrust and torque distribution (Hough and Ordway, 1965). Simonsen and Stern, (2003) coupled a body force propeller model based on potential theory formulation in which the propeller was represented by bound vortex sheets on the propeller disk and free vortices shed from the downstream of the propeller to a RANS code to simulate the manoeuvring characteristic of the Esso Osaka with a rudder.
In the present work an investigation is carried out into the sensitivity with which the wakefield of a container ship in calm water is resolved using a coupled BEMt-RANS sectorial approach.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: September 2014
Venue - Dates: NuTTS ’14: 17th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium, Marstrand, Sweden, 2014-09-27 - 2014-09-29
Organisations: National Oceanography Centre, Fluid Structure Interactions Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 368985
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/368985
PURE UUID: b546c531-a525-4e84-904f-019fdda7b6c3
ORCID for S.R. Turnock: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6288-0400
ORCID for A.B. Phillips: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3234-8506

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 18 Sep 2014 13:31
Last modified: 12 Dec 2021 03:29

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Contributors

Author: C. Badoe
Author: S.R. Turnock ORCID iD
Author: A.B. Phillips ORCID iD

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