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The role of sustained observations in tracking impacts of environmental change on marine biodiversity and ecosystems

The role of sustained observations in tracking impacts of environmental change on marine biodiversity and ecosystems
The role of sustained observations in tracking impacts of environmental change on marine biodiversity and ecosystems
Marine biodiversity currently faces unprecedented threats from multiple pressures arising from human activities. Global drivers such as climate change and ocean acidification interact with regional eutrophication, exploitation of commercial fish stocks and localized pressures including pollution, coastal development and the extraction of aggregates and fuel, causing alteration and degradation of habitats and communities. Segregating natural from anthropogenically induced change in marine ecosystems requires long-term, sustained observations of marine biota. In this review, we outline the history of biological recording in the coastal and shelf seas of the UK and Ireland and highlight where sustained observations have contributed new understanding of how anthropogenic activities have impacted on marine biodiversity. The contributions of sustained observations, from those collected at observatories, single station platforms and multiple-site programmes to the emergent field of multiple stressor impacts research, are discussed, along with implications for management and sustainable governance of marine resources in an era of unprecedented use of the marine environment.
timeseries, sustained observations, climate change, multiple stressors, marine biodiversity, ecosystem
1364-503X
20130339
Mieszkowska, N.
4c91117c-a01f-46a6-81c7-68ef16cbd598
Sugden, H.
0d1ebbca-9a8f-4ba4-b0df-af3de6201cb6
Firth, L.B.
0c500e80-2ca4-4df5-b921-3a98efdac672
Hawkins, S.J.
758fe1c1-30cd-4ed1-bb65-2471dc7c11fa
Mieszkowska, N.
4c91117c-a01f-46a6-81c7-68ef16cbd598
Sugden, H.
0d1ebbca-9a8f-4ba4-b0df-af3de6201cb6
Firth, L.B.
0c500e80-2ca4-4df5-b921-3a98efdac672
Hawkins, S.J.
758fe1c1-30cd-4ed1-bb65-2471dc7c11fa

Mieszkowska, N., Sugden, H., Firth, L.B. and Hawkins, S.J. (2014) The role of sustained observations in tracking impacts of environmental change on marine biodiversity and ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A, 372 (2025), 20130339. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0339).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Marine biodiversity currently faces unprecedented threats from multiple pressures arising from human activities. Global drivers such as climate change and ocean acidification interact with regional eutrophication, exploitation of commercial fish stocks and localized pressures including pollution, coastal development and the extraction of aggregates and fuel, causing alteration and degradation of habitats and communities. Segregating natural from anthropogenically induced change in marine ecosystems requires long-term, sustained observations of marine biota. In this review, we outline the history of biological recording in the coastal and shelf seas of the UK and Ireland and highlight where sustained observations have contributed new understanding of how anthropogenic activities have impacted on marine biodiversity. The contributions of sustained observations, from those collected at observatories, single station platforms and multiple-site programmes to the emergent field of multiple stressor impacts research, are discussed, along with implications for management and sustainable governance of marine resources in an era of unprecedented use of the marine environment.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 25 August 2014
Published date: 28 September 2014
Keywords: timeseries, sustained observations, climate change, multiple stressors, marine biodiversity, ecosystem
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 369859
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/369859
ISSN: 1364-503X
PURE UUID: 7df87014-5330-4937-98a0-32bf349a866b

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 07 Oct 2014 15:25
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 21:42

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