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Marine baseline and monitoring strategies for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS)

Marine baseline and monitoring strategies for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS)
Marine baseline and monitoring strategies for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS)
The QICS controlled release experiment demonstrates that leaks of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas can be detected by monitoring acoustic, geochemical and biological parameters within a given marine system. However the natural complexity and variability of marine system responses to (artificial) leakage strongly suggests that there are no absolute indicators of leakage or impact that can unequivocally and universally be used for all potential future storage sites. We suggest a multivariate, hierarchical approach to monitoring, escalating from anomaly detection to attribution, quantification and then impact assessment, as required. Given the spatial heterogeneity of many marine ecosystems it is essential that environmental monitoring programmes are supported by a temporally (tidal, seasonal and annual) and spatially resolved baseline of data from which changes can be accurately identified. In this paper we outline and discuss the options for monitoring methodologies and identify the components of an appropriate baseline survey.
Carbon dioxide capture and storage, monitoring, baselines, marine
1750-5836
221-229
Blackford, Jerry
3ca0429d-e82b-4dbd-a394-015aba5979fa
Bull, Jonathan M.
974037fd-544b-458f-98cc-ce8eca89e3c8
Cevatoglu, Melis
bcd1a613-f62c-4ae2-bd6e-d59038b6940a
Connelly, Douglas
d49131bb-af38-4768-9953-7ae0b43e33c8
Hauton, Chris
7706f6ba-4497-42b2-8c6d-00df81676331
James, Rachael H.
79aa1d5c-675d-4ba3-85be-fb20798c02f4
Lichtschlag, Anna
be1568d9-cc63-4f85-bd38-a93dfd7e245f
Stahl, Henrik
bdd6e6a3-906e-4714-855a-3634cf0d471b
Widdicombe, Steve
a442eaf8-7580-4983-ad4c-dbf9f1359fa2
Wright, Ian C.
be2a8931-3932-4f1e-b387-43e3652bf3fc
Blackford, Jerry
3ca0429d-e82b-4dbd-a394-015aba5979fa
Bull, Jonathan M.
974037fd-544b-458f-98cc-ce8eca89e3c8
Cevatoglu, Melis
bcd1a613-f62c-4ae2-bd6e-d59038b6940a
Connelly, Douglas
d49131bb-af38-4768-9953-7ae0b43e33c8
Hauton, Chris
7706f6ba-4497-42b2-8c6d-00df81676331
James, Rachael H.
79aa1d5c-675d-4ba3-85be-fb20798c02f4
Lichtschlag, Anna
be1568d9-cc63-4f85-bd38-a93dfd7e245f
Stahl, Henrik
bdd6e6a3-906e-4714-855a-3634cf0d471b
Widdicombe, Steve
a442eaf8-7580-4983-ad4c-dbf9f1359fa2
Wright, Ian C.
be2a8931-3932-4f1e-b387-43e3652bf3fc

Blackford, Jerry, Bull, Jonathan M., Cevatoglu, Melis, Connelly, Douglas, Hauton, Chris, James, Rachael H., Lichtschlag, Anna, Stahl, Henrik, Widdicombe, Steve and Wright, Ian C. (2015) Marine baseline and monitoring strategies for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS). International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 38, 221-229. (doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.004).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The QICS controlled release experiment demonstrates that leaks of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas can be detected by monitoring acoustic, geochemical and biological parameters within a given marine system. However the natural complexity and variability of marine system responses to (artificial) leakage strongly suggests that there are no absolute indicators of leakage or impact that can unequivocally and universally be used for all potential future storage sites. We suggest a multivariate, hierarchical approach to monitoring, escalating from anomaly detection to attribution, quantification and then impact assessment, as required. Given the spatial heterogeneity of many marine ecosystems it is essential that environmental monitoring programmes are supported by a temporally (tidal, seasonal and annual) and spatially resolved baseline of data from which changes can be accurately identified. In this paper we outline and discuss the options for monitoring methodologies and identify the components of an appropriate baseline survey.

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Blackford et al CCS monitoring and baselines revised 24Sept2014.pdf - Author's Original
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: October 2014
Published date: July 2015
Keywords: Carbon dioxide capture and storage, monitoring, baselines, marine
Organisations: Geochemistry, Ocean and Earth Science, Marine Geoscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 370131
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/370131
ISSN: 1750-5836
PURE UUID: 0960e810-91b1-4a4c-a029-826f0990c0d0
ORCID for Chris Hauton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2313-4226

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Date deposited: 16 Oct 2014 08:49
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:03

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Contributors

Author: Jerry Blackford
Author: Melis Cevatoglu
Author: Douglas Connelly
Author: Chris Hauton ORCID iD
Author: Anna Lichtschlag
Author: Henrik Stahl
Author: Steve Widdicombe
Author: Ian C. Wright

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