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Biodiversity in intertidal rock pools: Informing engineering criteria for artificial habitat enhancement in the built environment

Biodiversity in intertidal rock pools: Informing engineering criteria for artificial habitat enhancement in the built environment
Biodiversity in intertidal rock pools: Informing engineering criteria for artificial habitat enhancement in the built environment
Coastal defence structures are proliferating to counter rising and stormier seas. With increasing concern about the ecological value of built environments, efforts are being made to create novel habitat to increase biodiversity. Rock pools are infrequent on artificial structures. We compared biodiversity patterns between rock pools and emergent rock and assessed the role of pool depth and substratum incline in determining patterns of biodiversity. Rock pools were more taxon rich than emergent substrata. Patterns varied with depth and incline with algal groups being more positively associated with shallow than deeper habitats. Substratum incline had little influence on colonising epibiota, with the exception of canopy algae in deeper habitats where vertical surfaces supported greater taxon richness than horizontal surfaces. The creation of artificial rock pools in built environments will have a positive effect on biodiversity. Building pools of varying depths and inclines and shore heights will provide a range of habitats, increase environmental heterogeneity, therefore creating more possible ecological niches, promoting local biodiversity.
Biodiversity, Conservation, Rock pool, Incline, Depth, Ecological engineering, Habitat enhancement, Artificial habitat, Environmental heterogeneity, Urbanisation
0141-1136
122-130
Firth, Louise B.
755faf49-95e5-419e-8804-9b06d655e842
Schofield, Meredith
8f9696a7-fdf2-4328-833f-2a6300cf588d
White, Freya J.
93293c90-0b15-4988-b915-32722de78f3e
Skov, Martin W.
cd88f083-d45d-4f18-a306-4011ca11b40b
Hawkins, Stephen J.
758fe1c1-30cd-4ed1-bb65-2471dc7c11fa
Firth, Louise B.
755faf49-95e5-419e-8804-9b06d655e842
Schofield, Meredith
8f9696a7-fdf2-4328-833f-2a6300cf588d
White, Freya J.
93293c90-0b15-4988-b915-32722de78f3e
Skov, Martin W.
cd88f083-d45d-4f18-a306-4011ca11b40b
Hawkins, Stephen J.
758fe1c1-30cd-4ed1-bb65-2471dc7c11fa

Firth, Louise B., Schofield, Meredith, White, Freya J., Skov, Martin W. and Hawkins, Stephen J. (2014) Biodiversity in intertidal rock pools: Informing engineering criteria for artificial habitat enhancement in the built environment. Marine Environmental Research, 102, 122-130. (doi:10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.03.016).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Coastal defence structures are proliferating to counter rising and stormier seas. With increasing concern about the ecological value of built environments, efforts are being made to create novel habitat to increase biodiversity. Rock pools are infrequent on artificial structures. We compared biodiversity patterns between rock pools and emergent rock and assessed the role of pool depth and substratum incline in determining patterns of biodiversity. Rock pools were more taxon rich than emergent substrata. Patterns varied with depth and incline with algal groups being more positively associated with shallow than deeper habitats. Substratum incline had little influence on colonising epibiota, with the exception of canopy algae in deeper habitats where vertical surfaces supported greater taxon richness than horizontal surfaces. The creation of artificial rock pools in built environments will have a positive effect on biodiversity. Building pools of varying depths and inclines and shore heights will provide a range of habitats, increase environmental heterogeneity, therefore creating more possible ecological niches, promoting local biodiversity.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: December 2014
Keywords: Biodiversity, Conservation, Rock pool, Incline, Depth, Ecological engineering, Habitat enhancement, Artificial habitat, Environmental heterogeneity, Urbanisation
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 373138
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/373138
ISSN: 0141-1136
PURE UUID: 5539bf38-4085-43ab-9277-55307f2a9fe9

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 07 Jan 2015 14:38
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 21:34

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