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Introduction to fatty acids and lipids

Introduction to fatty acids and lipids
Introduction to fatty acids and lipids
The purpose of this article is to describe the structure, function and metabolism of fatty acids and lipids that are of particular importance in the context of parenteral nutrition. Lipids are a heterogeneous group of molecules that share the common property of hydrophobicity. Lipids range in structure from simple short hydrocarbon chains to more complex molecules, including triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sterols and their esters. Lipids within each class may differ structurally. Fatty acids are common components of complex lipids, and these differ according to chain length and the presence, number and position of double bonds in the hydrocarbon chain. Structural variation among complex lipids and among fatty acids gives rise to functional differences that result in different impacts upon metabolism and upon cell and tissue responses. Fatty acids and complex lipids exhibit a variety of structural variations that influence their metabolism and their functional effects.
0084-2230
1-16
Burdge, Graham C.
09d60a07-8ca1-4351-9bf1-de6ffcfb2159
Calder, P.C.
1797e54f-378e-4dcb-80a4-3e30018f07a6
Burdge, Graham C.
09d60a07-8ca1-4351-9bf1-de6ffcfb2159
Calder, P.C.
1797e54f-378e-4dcb-80a4-3e30018f07a6

Burdge, Graham C. and Calder, P.C. (2015) Introduction to fatty acids and lipids. [in special issue: Intravenous Lipid Emulsions] World Review in Nutrition and Dietetics, 112, 1-16. (doi:10.1159/000365423). (PMID:25471798)

Record type: Article

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to describe the structure, function and metabolism of fatty acids and lipids that are of particular importance in the context of parenteral nutrition. Lipids are a heterogeneous group of molecules that share the common property of hydrophobicity. Lipids range in structure from simple short hydrocarbon chains to more complex molecules, including triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sterols and their esters. Lipids within each class may differ structurally. Fatty acids are common components of complex lipids, and these differ according to chain length and the presence, number and position of double bonds in the hydrocarbon chain. Structural variation among complex lipids and among fatty acids gives rise to functional differences that result in different impacts upon metabolism and upon cell and tissue responses. Fatty acids and complex lipids exhibit a variety of structural variations that influence their metabolism and their functional effects.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 24 November 2015
Organisations: Human Development & Health

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 373730
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/373730
ISSN: 0084-2230
PURE UUID: 99e0aed2-8c43-4d91-9388-36f082dc227e
ORCID for Graham C. Burdge: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7665-2967

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 26 Jan 2015 17:01
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:11

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