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The Water Poverty Index: development and application at the community scale

The Water Poverty Index: development and application at the community scale
The Water Poverty Index: development and application at the community scale
The article details the development and uses of the water poverty index (WPI). The index was developed as a holistic tool to measure water stress at the household and community levels, designed to aid national decision makers, at community and central government level, as well as donor agencies, to determine priority needs for interventions in the water sector. The index combines into a single number a cluster of data directly and indirectly relevant to water stress. Subcomponents of the index include measures of: access to water; water quantity, quality and variability; water uses (domestic, food, productive purposes); capacity for water management; and environmental aspects.

The WPI methodology was developed through pilot projects in South Africa, Tanzania and Sri Lanka and involved intensive participation and consultation with all stakeholders, including water users, politicians, water sector professionals, aid agency personnel and others. The article discusses approaches for the further implementation of the water poverty index, including the possibilities of acquiring the necessary data through existing national surveys or by establishing interdisciplinary water modules in school curricula. The article argues that the WPI fills the need for a simple, open and transparent tool, one that will appeal to politicians and decision makers, and at the same time can empower poor people to participate in the better targeting of water sector interventions and development budgets in general.
indicators, water, environment, water poverty, income poverty
0165-0209
189-199
Sullivan, C.A.
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Meigh, J.R.
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Giacomello, A.M.
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Fediw, T.
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Lawrence, P.
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Samad, M.
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Mlote, S.
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Hutton, C.
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Allan, J.A.
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Schulze, R.E.
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Dlamini, D.J.M.
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Cosgrove, W.
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Delli Priscoli, J.
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Gleick, P.
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Smout, I.
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Cobbing, J.
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Calow, R.
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Hunt, C.
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Hussain, A.
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Acreman, M.C.
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King, J.
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Malomo, S.
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Tate, E.L.
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O'Regan, D.
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Milner, S.
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Steyl, Ilse
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Sullivan, C.A.
e68191f8-915d-48b2-b013-3eb4ecb4cbcc
Meigh, J.R.
1561f477-30fa-4214-94ec-d1d3bf57dd2a
Giacomello, A.M.
d25bd97c-817f-44e6-9a29-249283e0d78f
Fediw, T.
6e362e2a-a197-4e21-ba92-6634aba231e4
Lawrence, P.
69a723fa-d7ab-403f-946b-b0edfde8ac9a
Samad, M.
93009616-ff76-45d9-a42c-a50ed3f8479a
Mlote, S.
5436c1c5-511b-40e5-a443-1e3f40c47549
Hutton, C.
9102617b-caf7-4538-9414-c29e72f5fe2e
Allan, J.A.
742b1ea8-1322-433e-8216-57b133c684f6
Schulze, R.E.
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Dlamini, D.J.M.
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Cosgrove, W.
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Delli Priscoli, J.
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Gleick, P.
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Smout, I.
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Cobbing, J.
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Calow, R.
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Hunt, C.
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Hussain, A.
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Acreman, M.C.
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King, J.
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Malomo, S.
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Tate, E.L.
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O'Regan, D.
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Milner, S.
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Steyl, Ilse
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Sullivan, C.A., Meigh, J.R., Giacomello, A.M., Fediw, T., Lawrence, P., Samad, M., Mlote, S., Hutton, C., Allan, J.A., Schulze, R.E., Dlamini, D.J.M., Cosgrove, W., Delli Priscoli, J., Gleick, P., Smout, I., Cobbing, J., Calow, R., Hunt, C., Hussain, A., Acreman, M.C., King, J., Malomo, S., Tate, E.L., O'Regan, D., Milner, S. and Steyl, Ilse (2003) The Water Poverty Index: development and application at the community scale. Natural Resources Forum, 27 (3), 189-199. (doi:10.1111/1477-8947.00054).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The article details the development and uses of the water poverty index (WPI). The index was developed as a holistic tool to measure water stress at the household and community levels, designed to aid national decision makers, at community and central government level, as well as donor agencies, to determine priority needs for interventions in the water sector. The index combines into a single number a cluster of data directly and indirectly relevant to water stress. Subcomponents of the index include measures of: access to water; water quantity, quality and variability; water uses (domestic, food, productive purposes); capacity for water management; and environmental aspects.

The WPI methodology was developed through pilot projects in South Africa, Tanzania and Sri Lanka and involved intensive participation and consultation with all stakeholders, including water users, politicians, water sector professionals, aid agency personnel and others. The article discusses approaches for the further implementation of the water poverty index, including the possibilities of acquiring the necessary data through existing national surveys or by establishing interdisciplinary water modules in school curricula. The article argues that the WPI fills the need for a simple, open and transparent tool, one that will appeal to politicians and decision makers, and at the same time can empower poor people to participate in the better targeting of water sector interventions and development budgets in general.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 14 August 2003
Published date: August 2003
Keywords: indicators, water, environment, water poverty, income poverty
Organisations: Geography & Environment, Centre for Biological Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 373972
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/373972
ISSN: 0165-0209
PURE UUID: 66b1a496-00e3-4102-ae19-98c59b71e251
ORCID for C. Hutton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5896-756X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 30 Jan 2015 14:58
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 16:56

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Contributors

Author: C.A. Sullivan
Author: J.R. Meigh
Author: A.M. Giacomello
Author: T. Fediw
Author: P. Lawrence
Author: M. Samad
Author: S. Mlote
Author: C. Hutton ORCID iD
Author: J.A. Allan
Author: R.E. Schulze
Author: D.J.M. Dlamini
Author: W. Cosgrove
Author: J. Delli Priscoli
Author: P. Gleick
Author: I. Smout
Author: J. Cobbing
Author: R. Calow
Author: C. Hunt
Author: A. Hussain
Author: M.C. Acreman
Author: J. King
Author: S. Malomo
Author: E.L. Tate
Author: D. O'Regan
Author: S. Milner
Author: Ilse Steyl

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