The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Design and characterisation of nanostructured microelectrodes for biomedical applications

Design and characterisation of nanostructured microelectrodes for biomedical applications
Design and characterisation of nanostructured microelectrodes for biomedical applications
The aim of the project is to create a nanostructured microelectrode pH sensor to measure the pH of brain fluids. This work will describe the fabrication, characterization and development of the nanostructured Pd electrodes and their assessment for use as pH sensors in the brain fluid. The palladium hydride ?+? transition is located between the ? and ? phases where H/Pd atomic ratios range between 0.02 and 0.6. This region was selected to fabricate the pH sensor because its potential (Epd-H) is stable and independent of the hydrogen– palladium composition. In addition, Epd-H follows a linear relationship with pH. A nanostructured Pd film was chosen to fabricate the pH sensor in order to obtain a large electroactive area because Epd-H is not stable with microelectrode; a large area is needed to reach the equilibrium between palladium and hydrogen. Also, neurobiological pH measurements require a small sensor as a result of the limited biological sample quantities available. The nanostructured pH sensor H1-e Pd was made by liquid crystal templating method (LCT). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical characterisation were used to estimate the radius a and electroactive area of the nanostructured Pd film after the deposition process. The ?+? transition was prepared by loading hydrogen electrochemically before the experiments were carried out. The nanostructured Pd hydride electrode was then used to estimate the pH in different solutions including artificial cerebral spinal fluid (aCSF) and real brain fluid. The results obtained demonstrate the applicability of such electrodes to function as pH sensors in brain fluid. The biomedical applications requires high efficiency that can be affected by the biological samples contaminations onto the electrode. Thus, attempts were made to develop the H1-e Pd pH sensors performance by covering their surface with coats to stop the biological impurities.
Alshadokhi, Mohammed
d18ee3eb-6797-421c-a437-95bafd20a630
Alshadokhi, Mohammed
d18ee3eb-6797-421c-a437-95bafd20a630
Denuault, Guy
5c76e69f-e04e-4be5-83c5-e729887ffd4e

Alshadokhi, Mohammed (2014) Design and characterisation of nanostructured microelectrodes for biomedical applications. University of Southampton, Chemistry, Doctoral Thesis, 221pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The aim of the project is to create a nanostructured microelectrode pH sensor to measure the pH of brain fluids. This work will describe the fabrication, characterization and development of the nanostructured Pd electrodes and their assessment for use as pH sensors in the brain fluid. The palladium hydride ?+? transition is located between the ? and ? phases where H/Pd atomic ratios range between 0.02 and 0.6. This region was selected to fabricate the pH sensor because its potential (Epd-H) is stable and independent of the hydrogen– palladium composition. In addition, Epd-H follows a linear relationship with pH. A nanostructured Pd film was chosen to fabricate the pH sensor in order to obtain a large electroactive area because Epd-H is not stable with microelectrode; a large area is needed to reach the equilibrium between palladium and hydrogen. Also, neurobiological pH measurements require a small sensor as a result of the limited biological sample quantities available. The nanostructured pH sensor H1-e Pd was made by liquid crystal templating method (LCT). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical characterisation were used to estimate the radius a and electroactive area of the nanostructured Pd film after the deposition process. The ?+? transition was prepared by loading hydrogen electrochemically before the experiments were carried out. The nanostructured Pd hydride electrode was then used to estimate the pH in different solutions including artificial cerebral spinal fluid (aCSF) and real brain fluid. The results obtained demonstrate the applicability of such electrodes to function as pH sensors in brain fluid. The biomedical applications requires high efficiency that can be affected by the biological samples contaminations onto the electrode. Thus, attempts were made to develop the H1-e Pd pH sensors performance by covering their surface with coats to stop the biological impurities.

PDF
M. Alshadokhi PhD-Thesis.pdf - Other
Download (6MB)

More information

Published date: 20 October 2014
Organisations: University of Southampton, Chemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 375029
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/375029
PURE UUID: 7fc0fd7f-1e54-4a25-a50f-23a6516b05f1
ORCID for Guy Denuault: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8630-9492

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 12 May 2015 13:17
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:10

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×