Passive acoustic quantification of gas fluxes during controlled gas release experiments

Berges, B.J.P., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2015) Passive acoustic quantification of gas fluxes during controlled gas release experiments International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, pp. 1-71. (doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.02.008).


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The detection and quantification of an underwater gas release are becoming increasingly important for oceanographic and industrial applications. Whilst the detection of each individual bubble injection events, with commensurate sizing from the natural frequency of the acoustic emission, has been common for decades in laboratory applications, it is impractical to do this when hundreds of bubbles are released simultaneously, as can occur with large methane seeps, or leaks from gas pipelines or undersea facilities for carbon capture and storage. This paper draws on data from two experimental studies and demonstrates the usefulness of passive acoustics to monitor gas leaks of this level. It firstly shows experimental validation tests of a recent model aimed at inverting the acoustic emissions of gas releases in a water tank. Different gas flow rates for two different nozzle types are estimated using this acoustic inversion and compared to measurements from a mass flow meter. The estimates are found to predict accurately volumes of released gas. Secondly, this paper demonstrates the use of this method at sea in the framework of the QICS project (controlled release of CO2 gas). The results in the form of gas flow rate estimates from bubbles are presented. These track, with good agreement, the injected gas and correlate within an order of magnitude with diver measurements. Data also suggest correlation with tidal effects with a decrease of 15.1 kg /d gas flow for every 1 m increase in tidal height (equivalent to 5.9 L/min when converted to standard ambient temperature [25 °C] and absolute pressure [100 kPa] conditions, SATP

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.02.008
ISSNs: 1750-5836 (print)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Organisations: Acoustics Group
ePrint ID: 375114
Date :
Date Event
1 March 2015e-pub ahead of print
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2015 13:31
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 06:31
Further Information:Google Scholar

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