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The associations between adult attachment, posttraumatic symptoms and posttraumatic growth

The associations between adult attachment, posttraumatic symptoms and posttraumatic growth
The associations between adult attachment, posttraumatic symptoms and posttraumatic growth
Background and Objectives: Individual differences after trauma vary considerably and can range from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to posttraumatic growth (PTG). Current theoretical models cannot fully explain this variability. Therefore, we integrated attachment theory with Ehlers and Clark’s model of PTSD to understand whether attachment style is associated with negative appraisals of a traumatic event(s), posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS), and PTG. Our aim was to test this integrated model PTSD in an analog sample who had experienced at least one traumatic event. Design: We used structural equation modeling to test the association of adult attachment and posttraumatic cognitions (self and world/others) with PTS and PTG using a cross-sectional, correlational design. Methods: The sample comprised 393 university staff and students (RangeAge= 1 –49, 85% females) who completed online measures. Results: Attachment anxiety and negative posttraumatic self cognitions were positively associated. Negative posttraumatic self-cognitions were positively
associated with PTS. Attachment anxiety had an indirect effect (via negative posttraumatic self-cognitions) on PTS, whereas attachment avoidance predicted more negative posttraumatic world cognitions and lower perceived PTG. Conclusions: The study highlights the importance of considering how attachment styles influence posttraumatic emotion regulation and cognitive processing of the trauma to determine posttraumatic mental health.
attachment, emotion regulation, posttraumatic symptoms, perceived ptg, posttraumatic cognitions
1477-2205
1-22
Arikan, Gizem
514acf15-2f76-44f3-a88a-b1ec6dbc752e
Stopa, Lusia
b52f29fc-d1c2-450d-b321-68f95fa22c40
Carnelley, Katherine B.
02a55020-a0bc-480e-a0ff-c8fe56ee9c36
Karl, Anke
7f091050-641c-4658-a247-785cfd194c3d
Arikan, Gizem
514acf15-2f76-44f3-a88a-b1ec6dbc752e
Stopa, Lusia
b52f29fc-d1c2-450d-b321-68f95fa22c40
Carnelley, Katherine B.
02a55020-a0bc-480e-a0ff-c8fe56ee9c36
Karl, Anke
7f091050-641c-4658-a247-785cfd194c3d

Arikan, Gizem, Stopa, Lusia, Carnelley, Katherine B. and Karl, Anke (2015) The associations between adult attachment, posttraumatic symptoms and posttraumatic growth. Anxiety, Stress & Coping, 1-22. (doi:10.1080/10615806.2015.1009833).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Individual differences after trauma vary considerably and can range from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to posttraumatic growth (PTG). Current theoretical models cannot fully explain this variability. Therefore, we integrated attachment theory with Ehlers and Clark’s model of PTSD to understand whether attachment style is associated with negative appraisals of a traumatic event(s), posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS), and PTG. Our aim was to test this integrated model PTSD in an analog sample who had experienced at least one traumatic event. Design: We used structural equation modeling to test the association of adult attachment and posttraumatic cognitions (self and world/others) with PTS and PTG using a cross-sectional, correlational design. Methods: The sample comprised 393 university staff and students (RangeAge= 1 –49, 85% females) who completed online measures. Results: Attachment anxiety and negative posttraumatic self cognitions were positively associated. Negative posttraumatic self-cognitions were positively
associated with PTS. Attachment anxiety had an indirect effect (via negative posttraumatic self-cognitions) on PTS, whereas attachment avoidance predicted more negative posttraumatic world cognitions and lower perceived PTG. Conclusions: The study highlights the importance of considering how attachment styles influence posttraumatic emotion regulation and cognitive processing of the trauma to determine posttraumatic mental health.

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__soton.ac.uk_ude_PersonalFiles_Users_kc6_mydocuments_document_RESEARCH_Gizem Arikan_PhD_Study 1_Manuscript_Lucky 13_revision_final revision_final with polish_Manuscript ID GASC-2014-0126_submission_final.doc - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 23 January 2015
e-pub ahead of print date: 27 February 2015
Published date: 27 February 2015
Keywords: attachment, emotion regulation, posttraumatic symptoms, perceived ptg, posttraumatic cognitions

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 375171
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/375171
ISSN: 1477-2205
PURE UUID: 538cdfb5-f539-4967-8480-288ebc88d3b0

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Date deposited: 16 Mar 2015 10:25
Last modified: 16 Dec 2019 20:19

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