The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Neighbourhood effects and pension protection amongst ethnic minorities in England and Wales

Feng, Zhixin, Vlachantoni, Athina, Evandrou, Maria and Falkingham, Jane (2016) Neighbourhood effects and pension protection amongst ethnic minorities in England and Wales Population, Space and Place, 22, (317–331) (doi:10.1002/psp.1939).

Record type: Article


Ethnic minorities are concentrated in particular geographical areas in England and Wales. Neighbourhood effects, such as the concentration of individuals from particular ethnic groups and levels of local deprivation, can impact upon the labour market performance of ethnic minorities and thus may affect individuals’ pension protection. This paper examines the neighbourhood effect on pension protection for ethnic minorities in England and Wales using the wave 1 (January 2009 - March 2011) dataset of the Understanding Society linked with a range of neighbourhood characteristics from the 2011 UK Census. Results from multilevel logistic models highlight that in addition to the effect of individual characteristics on patterns of pension protection, the level of concentration of own-ethnic-group individuals is significantly negatively correlated with a range of key indicators associated with pension protection such as being in paid employment, being an employee, and working for an employer who offers a pension scheme. However, the concentration of one’s own ethnic group has no significant effect on the likelihood of being a member of an employer’s pension scheme after controlling for other factors. Living in a deprived neighbourhood is negatively correlated with one’s likelihood to be in paid employment or being self-employed. Furthermore, individuals are less likely to be members of an employer’s pension scheme if they live in highly deprived neighbourhoods

PDF Zhixin_PSP_pension.PDF - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (161kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 11 December 2014
e-pub ahead of print date: 12 May 2015
Published date: April 2016
Organisations: Gerontology


Local EPrints ID: 375280
ISSN: 1544-8444
PURE UUID: 50ec2bb1-5c37-4abe-bd9e-73b0f2aedd5b

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Mar 2015 10:05
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 21:18

Export record



Author: Zhixin Feng
Author: Maria Evandrou
Author: Jane Falkingham

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.