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Biogeochemical variations at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained Observatory in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, from weekly to inter-annual timescales

Biogeochemical variations at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained Observatory in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, from weekly to inter-annual timescales
Biogeochemical variations at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained Observatory in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, from weekly to inter-annual timescales
We present high-resolution autonomous measurements of carbon dioxide partial pressure p(CO2) taken in situ at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained Observatory (PAP-SO) in the northeast Atlantic (49° N, 16.5° W; water depth of 4850 m) for the period 2010–2012. Measurements of p(CO2) made at 30 m depth on a sensor frame are compared with other autonomous biogeochemical measurements at that depth (including chlorophyll a fluorescence and nitrate concentration data) to analyse weekly to seasonal controls on p(CO2) flux in the inter-gyre region of the North Atlantic. Comparisons are also made with in situ regional time series data from a ship of opportunity and mixed layer depth (MLD) measurements from profiling Argo floats. There is a persistent under-saturation of CO2 in surface waters throughout the year which gives rise to a perennial CO2 sink. Comparison with an earlier data set collected at the site (2003–2005) confirms seasonal and inter-annual changes in surface seawater chemistry. There is year-to-year variability in the timing of deep winter mixing and the intensity of the spring bloom.

The 2010–2012 period shows an overall increase in p(CO2) values when compared to the 2003–2005 period as would be expected from increases due to anthropogenic CO2 emissions. The surface temperature, wind speed and MLD measurements are similar for both periods of time. Future work should incorporate daily CO2 flux measurements made using CO2 sensors at 1 m depth and the in situ wind speed data now available from the UK Met Office Buoy.
1726-4170
845-853
Hartman, S.E.
2f74a439-395a-4ee7-89a2-eff4cc8d9481
Jiang, Z-P.
4610f144-b5fb-4cc6-ae8e-eea073dfa741
Turk, D.
288f3e93-ecde-4911-bc47-acfe7f428013
Lampitt, R.S.
dfc3785c-fc7d-41fa-89ee-d0c6e27503ad
Frigstad, H.
8b8b82ad-a43f-46ac-acd0-d2528230dff0
Ostle, C.
bd747c52-57d1-4abe-ba83-8cc5ac7224c9
Schuster, U.
43c12cdf-e87d-4379-a19c-e22246888c82
Hartman, S.E.
2f74a439-395a-4ee7-89a2-eff4cc8d9481
Jiang, Z-P.
4610f144-b5fb-4cc6-ae8e-eea073dfa741
Turk, D.
288f3e93-ecde-4911-bc47-acfe7f428013
Lampitt, R.S.
dfc3785c-fc7d-41fa-89ee-d0c6e27503ad
Frigstad, H.
8b8b82ad-a43f-46ac-acd0-d2528230dff0
Ostle, C.
bd747c52-57d1-4abe-ba83-8cc5ac7224c9
Schuster, U.
43c12cdf-e87d-4379-a19c-e22246888c82

Hartman, S.E., Jiang, Z-P., Turk, D., Lampitt, R.S., Frigstad, H., Ostle, C. and Schuster, U. (2015) Biogeochemical variations at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained Observatory in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, from weekly to inter-annual timescales. Biogeosciences, 12 (3), 845-853. (doi:10.5194/bg-12-845-2015).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We present high-resolution autonomous measurements of carbon dioxide partial pressure p(CO2) taken in situ at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained Observatory (PAP-SO) in the northeast Atlantic (49° N, 16.5° W; water depth of 4850 m) for the period 2010–2012. Measurements of p(CO2) made at 30 m depth on a sensor frame are compared with other autonomous biogeochemical measurements at that depth (including chlorophyll a fluorescence and nitrate concentration data) to analyse weekly to seasonal controls on p(CO2) flux in the inter-gyre region of the North Atlantic. Comparisons are also made with in situ regional time series data from a ship of opportunity and mixed layer depth (MLD) measurements from profiling Argo floats. There is a persistent under-saturation of CO2 in surface waters throughout the year which gives rise to a perennial CO2 sink. Comparison with an earlier data set collected at the site (2003–2005) confirms seasonal and inter-annual changes in surface seawater chemistry. There is year-to-year variability in the timing of deep winter mixing and the intensity of the spring bloom.

The 2010–2012 period shows an overall increase in p(CO2) values when compared to the 2003–2005 period as would be expected from increases due to anthropogenic CO2 emissions. The surface temperature, wind speed and MLD measurements are similar for both periods of time. Future work should incorporate daily CO2 flux measurements made using CO2 sensors at 1 m depth and the in situ wind speed data now available from the UK Met Office Buoy.

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Published date: 12 February 2015
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science, Marine Biogeochemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 375550
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/375550
ISSN: 1726-4170
PURE UUID: 6cd7bc27-dbd9-4081-aa27-6205ce25f456

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Date deposited: 27 Mar 2015 13:25
Last modified: 08 Jan 2022 15:22

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Contributors

Author: S.E. Hartman
Author: Z-P. Jiang
Author: D. Turk
Author: R.S. Lampitt
Author: H. Frigstad
Author: C. Ostle
Author: U. Schuster

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