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Letter to Nature. Low-light-adapted Prochlorococcus species possess specific antennae for each photosystem

Bibby, T.S., Mary, I., Nield, J., Partensky, F. and Barber, J. (2003) Letter to Nature. Low-light-adapted Prochlorococcus species possess specific antennae for each photosystem Nature, 424, (6952), pp. 1051-1054. (doi:10.1038/nature01933).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Prochlorococcus, the most abundant genus of photosynthetic organisms, owes its remarkably large depth distribution in the oceans to the occurrence of distinct genotypes adapted to either low- or high-light niches. The pcb genes, encoding the major chlorophyll-binding, light-harvesting antenna proteins in this genus, are present in multiple copies in low-light strains but as a single copy in high-light strains. The basis of this differentiation, however, has remained obscure. Here we show that the moderate low-light-adapted strain Prochlorococcus sp. MIT 9313 has one iron-stress-induced pcb gene encoding an antenna protein serving photosystem I (PSI)—comparable to isiA genes from cyanobacteria—and a constitutively expressed pcb gene encoding a photosystem II (PSII) antenna protein. By comparison, the very low-light-adapted strain SS120 has seven pcb genes encoding constitutive PSI and PSII antennae, plus one PSI iron-regulated pcb gene, whereas the high-light-adapted strain MED4 has only a constitutive PSII antenna. Thus, it seems that the adaptation of Prochlorococcus to low light environments has triggered a multiplication and specialization of Pcb proteins comparable to that found for Cab proteins in plants and green algae.

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Published date: 28 August 2003

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 37559
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/37559
ISSN: 0028-0836
PURE UUID: dfef626c-48bb-41a5-a4e2-43ec90b9e8a4

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Date deposited: 23 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:42

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Contributors

Author: T.S. Bibby
Author: I. Mary
Author: J. Nield
Author: F. Partensky
Author: J. Barber

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