Superfluid helium-4 in one dimensional channel

Kim, Y., Banavar, S., Chan, M.H.W., Hayes, J. and Sazio, P.J.A. (2013) Superfluid helium-4 in one dimensional channel At The American Physical Society (APS) March Meeting, United States. 18 - 22 Mar 2013.


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Superfluidity, as superconductivity, cannot exist in a strict one-dimensional system. However, the experiments employing porous media showed that superfluid helium can flow through the pores of nanometer size. Here we report a study of the flow of liquid helium through a single hollow glass fiber of 4 cm in length with an open id of 150 nm between 1.6 and 2.3 K. We found the superfluid transition temperature was suppressed in the hollow cylinder and that there is no flow above the transition. Critical velocity at temperature below the transition temperature was determined. Our results bear some similarity to that found by Savard et. al. [1] studying the flow of helium through a nanohole in a silicon nitrite membrane.
[1] M.Savard, G.Dauphinais, and G.Gervais, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 254501 (2011)
Experimental study at Penn State is supported by NSF Grants No.DMR 1103159.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Venue - Dates: The American Physical Society (APS) March Meeting, United States, 2013-03-18 - 2013-03-22
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Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre
ePrint ID: 376004
Date :
Date Event
2013e-pub ahead of print
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2015 13:51
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 06:23
Further Information:Google Scholar

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