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Intracapsular development and dispersal polymorphism in the predatory gastropod Ocenebra erinaceus (Linnaeus 1758)

Intracapsular development and dispersal polymorphism in the predatory gastropod Ocenebra erinaceus (Linnaeus 1758)
Intracapsular development and dispersal polymorphism in the predatory gastropod Ocenebra erinaceus (Linnaeus 1758)
Intraspecific polymorphism during development, such as poecilogony or dispersal polymorphism, has rarely been observed in the marine environment. The ecological advantages of this bet-hedging strategy, whereby the offspring from one species exhibit multiple developmental modes, include the potential for rapid colonization of new habitats whilst simultaneously achieving a degree of gene flow between populations. The muricid gastropod, Ocenebra erinaceus, is an active predator that is common in shallow-water marine environments, across England and France. Historically, O. erinaceus caused significant damage to shellfisheries but more recently it has been impacted by TBT induced imposex. Despite the previous attention given to this species, little is known about its encapsulated development. Studying O. erinaceus egg capsules from the Solent, UK, we describe intracapsular development at 15 °C, the in situ temperature at time of oviposition. Within each capsule all embryos developed; no nurse eggs were present. Development was categorised into eight ontogenetic stages, although not all individuals displayed every stage; embryos hatched as either swimming, late-pediveliger larvae or crawling juveniles after 59–69 days, indicating dispersal polymorphism to occur in this species. Swimming, late-pediveliger larvae completed metamorphosis within 72 h of hatching. As O. erinaceus continues to recover from TBT pollution, dispersal polymorphism may facilitate a rapid expansion in both population size and range. If this occurs, O. erinaceus has the potential to, once again, become a serious problem for shellfisheries around Europe.
1438-387X
249-258
Smith, Kathryn E.
dace2668-69f3-40cc-a526-541c4b41c8b8
Reed, Adam
ec734ee2-469c-4259-91d6-4abcfbe65e3b
Thatje, S.
f1011fe3-1048-40c0-97c1-e93b796e6533
Smith, Kathryn E.
dace2668-69f3-40cc-a526-541c4b41c8b8
Reed, Adam
ec734ee2-469c-4259-91d6-4abcfbe65e3b
Thatje, S.
f1011fe3-1048-40c0-97c1-e93b796e6533

Smith, Kathryn E., Reed, Adam and Thatje, S. (2015) Intracapsular development and dispersal polymorphism in the predatory gastropod Ocenebra erinaceus (Linnaeus 1758). Helgoland Marine Research, 69 (3), 249-258. (doi:10.1007/s10152-015-0433-8).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Intraspecific polymorphism during development, such as poecilogony or dispersal polymorphism, has rarely been observed in the marine environment. The ecological advantages of this bet-hedging strategy, whereby the offspring from one species exhibit multiple developmental modes, include the potential for rapid colonization of new habitats whilst simultaneously achieving a degree of gene flow between populations. The muricid gastropod, Ocenebra erinaceus, is an active predator that is common in shallow-water marine environments, across England and France. Historically, O. erinaceus caused significant damage to shellfisheries but more recently it has been impacted by TBT induced imposex. Despite the previous attention given to this species, little is known about its encapsulated development. Studying O. erinaceus egg capsules from the Solent, UK, we describe intracapsular development at 15 °C, the in situ temperature at time of oviposition. Within each capsule all embryos developed; no nurse eggs were present. Development was categorised into eight ontogenetic stages, although not all individuals displayed every stage; embryos hatched as either swimming, late-pediveliger larvae or crawling juveniles after 59–69 days, indicating dispersal polymorphism to occur in this species. Swimming, late-pediveliger larvae completed metamorphosis within 72 h of hatching. As O. erinaceus continues to recover from TBT pollution, dispersal polymorphism may facilitate a rapid expansion in both population size and range. If this occurs, O. erinaceus has the potential to, once again, become a serious problem for shellfisheries around Europe.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 9 April 2015
Published date: 18 May 2015
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science, Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 376077
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/376077
ISSN: 1438-387X
PURE UUID: 7df951bc-abc0-4e12-b79a-47a4166c4096
ORCID for Adam Reed: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2200-5067

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Apr 2015 08:15
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 03:30

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Contributors

Author: Kathryn E. Smith
Author: Adam Reed ORCID iD
Author: S. Thatje

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