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Design practice for the stern hull of a future twin-skeg ship using a high fidelity numerical approach

Design practice for the stern hull of a future twin-skeg ship using a high fidelity numerical approach
Design practice for the stern hull of a future twin-skeg ship using a high fidelity numerical approach
The ability to predict the powering performance of twin skeg LNG ship is a complex endeavour requiring appraisal of operating conditions and hydrodynamic analysis to arrive at a suitable stern design solution. Inherently coupled with the stern design process is the design optimization, namely the selection of most suitable geometrical parameters of the propulsor, control surface and their arrangements with respect to the hull. An approach to the stern design may commence with the prediction of general ship stern flow, hence its resistance and self-propulsion capabilities. Almost a century of experience exists regarding how to predict the resistance and powering capabilities of the twin skeg LNG ship. Despite this, improvement in numerical methods is still in high demand.

A RANS based numerical approach is presented in this thesis to predict the resistance and powering performance of future twin skeg ships. This is supported by a meshing approach which easily blends the hull-skeg boundary layer to the free surface. Predicting the non-uniform wake in the propeller plane due to the hull-skeg and control surface interaction was identified as one of the main challenges in the stern design and powering assessment. To predict this within acceptable cost a sectorial approach was developed as part of the numerical method which discretizes the propeller plane into a series of radial and circumferential subdivisions. The local axial and tangential inflow conditions at each location can then be considered. This was coupled to a blade element momentum theory propeller code. The two-way coupling was found to be a computationally efficient tool for studying the powering performance of ships.

To demonstrate the pertinence of the RANS based numerical approaches developed in this work a series of case studies has been analysed. These include: skeg-rudder-propeller interaction studies, propulsive characteristic of the KCS ship, and the resistance and self-propulsion characteristics of a future twin skeg LNG ship. These highlight the roles of the numerical approaches in the stern design process for future twin skeg ships. The techniques developed in this work enable the designer to predict the powering performance of future twin skeg LNG ships at a cost effective manner in the initial design stage.
Badoe, C.
d3961c00-c6ca-4c5d-8b33-5c2e751bac10
Badoe, C.
d3961c00-c6ca-4c5d-8b33-5c2e751bac10
Turnock, Stephen
d6442f5c-d9af-4fdb-8406-7c79a92b26ce

Badoe, C. (2015) Design practice for the stern hull of a future twin-skeg ship using a high fidelity numerical approach. University of Southampton, Engineering and the Environment, Doctoral Thesis, 252pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The ability to predict the powering performance of twin skeg LNG ship is a complex endeavour requiring appraisal of operating conditions and hydrodynamic analysis to arrive at a suitable stern design solution. Inherently coupled with the stern design process is the design optimization, namely the selection of most suitable geometrical parameters of the propulsor, control surface and their arrangements with respect to the hull. An approach to the stern design may commence with the prediction of general ship stern flow, hence its resistance and self-propulsion capabilities. Almost a century of experience exists regarding how to predict the resistance and powering capabilities of the twin skeg LNG ship. Despite this, improvement in numerical methods is still in high demand.

A RANS based numerical approach is presented in this thesis to predict the resistance and powering performance of future twin skeg ships. This is supported by a meshing approach which easily blends the hull-skeg boundary layer to the free surface. Predicting the non-uniform wake in the propeller plane due to the hull-skeg and control surface interaction was identified as one of the main challenges in the stern design and powering assessment. To predict this within acceptable cost a sectorial approach was developed as part of the numerical method which discretizes the propeller plane into a series of radial and circumferential subdivisions. The local axial and tangential inflow conditions at each location can then be considered. This was coupled to a blade element momentum theory propeller code. The two-way coupling was found to be a computationally efficient tool for studying the powering performance of ships.

To demonstrate the pertinence of the RANS based numerical approaches developed in this work a series of case studies has been analysed. These include: skeg-rudder-propeller interaction studies, propulsive characteristic of the KCS ship, and the resistance and self-propulsion characteristics of a future twin skeg LNG ship. These highlight the roles of the numerical approaches in the stern design process for future twin skeg ships. The techniques developed in this work enable the designer to predict the powering performance of future twin skeg LNG ships at a cost effective manner in the initial design stage.

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More information

Published date: April 2015
Organisations: University of Southampton, Fluid Structure Interactions Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 376987
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/376987
PURE UUID: 99d06694-9373-45d7-bbdf-dab0360c688b
ORCID for Stephen Turnock: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6288-0400

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Date deposited: 07 Jul 2015 11:07
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:14

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