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Applications of next-generation sequencing to the study of biological invasions

Record type: Article

Through the widespread implementation of next-generation sequencing (NGS), analyses of the whole genome (the entire DNA content) and the whole transcriptome (the genes being expressed) are becoming commonplace. NGS enables the analysis of a vast amount of previously unattainable genetic information. Despite this potential, NGS has yet to be widely imple- mented in genetic studies of biological invasions. The study of the genomic causes and consequences of biological invasions al- lows a deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms underpinning the invasion process. In this review, we present a brief introduction to NGS followed by a synthesis of current research in the genomics and transcriptomics of adaptation and coloniza- tion. We then highlight research opportunities in the field, including: (1) assembling genomes and transcriptomes of non-model organisms, (2) identifying genomic regions and candidate genes underlying evolutionary processes, and (3) studying the adaptive role of gene expression variation. In particular, because introduced species face a broad range of physiological and biotic chal- lenges when colonizing novel and variable environments, transcriptomics will enable the study of gene regulatory pathways that may be responsible for acclimation or adaptation. To conclude, we identify a number of research approaches that will aid our fu- ture understanding of biological invasions

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Citation

Rius, Marc, Bourne, Steve, Hornsby, Harry Guy and Chapman, Mark A. (2015) Applications of next-generation sequencing to the study of biological invasions Current Zoology, 61, (3), pp. 488-504.

More information

Published date: 2015
Keywords: Exotic species, Genomics, Genotype-environment interactions, Invasive species, Invasion genetics, Invasion route, Non-indigenous species, Non-native species
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science, Centre for Biological Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 377081
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/377081
PURE UUID: 2ffc1fd8-7356-4591-bc1d-a8740b46bf75
ORCID for Mark A. Chapman: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7151-723X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 May 2015 08:17
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 21:04

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Contributors

Author: Marc Rius
Author: Steve Bourne
Author: Harry Guy Hornsby
Author: Mark A. Chapman ORCID iD

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