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A sediment-based multiproxy palaeoecological approach to the environmental archaeology of lake dwellings (crannogs), central Ireland

A sediment-based multiproxy palaeoecological approach to the environmental archaeology of lake dwellings (crannogs), central Ireland
A sediment-based multiproxy palaeoecological approach to the environmental archaeology of lake dwellings (crannogs), central Ireland
A multiproxy study of Ballywillin Crannog, Lough Kinale, central Ireland is presented. The methodology used reveals the wealth of information that a multiproxy approach can contribute in lake settlement studies. Plant macrofossils, pollen and spores, diatoms, chironomids and Coleoptera from a lake core are used to reconstruct local and regional vegetation change and lake history to establish the age and function of the crannog. The palaeoecological evidence suggests that Ballywillin Crannog was constructed around AD 620, with its most intensive period of occupation after AD 1150. Cereals and a range of gathered fruits and nuts were brought onto and cooked on the crannog, and cereal grains were possibly stored there.
pollen, plant macrofossils, diatoms, chironomids, coleoptera, crannog, environmental archaeology, late holocene, Ireland
0959-6836
707-719
O'Brien, Charlotte
0ef081e2-1a21-46de-91b2-f62ce05a029b
Selby, Katherine
271b6787-bba4-4797-a725-53fdae4574a4
Ruiz, Zoe
78f2027e-726f-4780-a755-9fb2d56c2634
Brown, Anthony
5345fc5c-cd85-4d23-b9a7-2ee0cd879617
Dinnin, Mark
16e5210d-fd78-47b2-a9b1-08f0561fcca1
Caseldine, Chris
a3c3bba7-f44e-48c4-9426-9603eee80b42
Langdon, Pete
95b97671-f9fe-4884-aca6-9aa3cd1a6d7f
Stuijts, Ingelise
553068a6-b167-45f1-85da-2dddc669f9dc
O'Brien, Charlotte
0ef081e2-1a21-46de-91b2-f62ce05a029b
Selby, Katherine
271b6787-bba4-4797-a725-53fdae4574a4
Ruiz, Zoe
78f2027e-726f-4780-a755-9fb2d56c2634
Brown, Anthony
5345fc5c-cd85-4d23-b9a7-2ee0cd879617
Dinnin, Mark
16e5210d-fd78-47b2-a9b1-08f0561fcca1
Caseldine, Chris
a3c3bba7-f44e-48c4-9426-9603eee80b42
Langdon, Pete
95b97671-f9fe-4884-aca6-9aa3cd1a6d7f
Stuijts, Ingelise
553068a6-b167-45f1-85da-2dddc669f9dc

O'Brien, Charlotte, Selby, Katherine, Ruiz, Zoe, Brown, Anthony, Dinnin, Mark, Caseldine, Chris, Langdon, Pete and Stuijts, Ingelise (2005) A sediment-based multiproxy palaeoecological approach to the environmental archaeology of lake dwellings (crannogs), central Ireland. The Holocene, 15 (5), 707-719. (doi:10.1191/0959683605hl845rp).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A multiproxy study of Ballywillin Crannog, Lough Kinale, central Ireland is presented. The methodology used reveals the wealth of information that a multiproxy approach can contribute in lake settlement studies. Plant macrofossils, pollen and spores, diatoms, chironomids and Coleoptera from a lake core are used to reconstruct local and regional vegetation change and lake history to establish the age and function of the crannog. The palaeoecological evidence suggests that Ballywillin Crannog was constructed around AD 620, with its most intensive period of occupation after AD 1150. Cereals and a range of gathered fruits and nuts were brought onto and cooked on the crannog, and cereal grains were possibly stored there.

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More information

Submitted date: 17 March 2004
Published date: July 2005
Additional Information: An innovative and transferable methodology for the investigation of crannogs allowing the transfer of traditional palaeo techniques into an archaeological environment is detailed. It has international significance with exceptionally high quality data. Co-wrote paper and provided half of the data. Fourth most accessed paper between January 2005 and August 2006.
Keywords: pollen, plant macrofossils, diatoms, chironomids, coleoptera, crannog, environmental archaeology, late holocene, Ireland

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 37734
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/37734
ISSN: 0959-6836
PURE UUID: 47a3c826-4a9f-42fe-9230-68d99601910e
ORCID for Pete Langdon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2724-2643

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 26 May 2006
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:59

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