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Tephra correlations and climatic events between the MIS6/5 transition and the beginning of MIS3 in Theopetra Cave, central Greece

Tephra correlations and climatic events between the MIS6/5 transition and the beginning of MIS3 in Theopetra Cave, central Greece
Tephra correlations and climatic events between the MIS6/5 transition and the beginning of MIS3 in Theopetra Cave, central Greece
Three cryptotephra layers associated with important periods of climatic change were identified in the Middle Palaeolithic sequence of Theopetra Cave, Greece. The lower cryptotephra layer, THP-TII5, is correlated with the P-11 Pantellerian eruption dated to ?128–131 ka. This cryptotephra postdates a thick sequence of combustion layers that show a complex vegetation succession quite similar to that of the last deglaciation succession in the cave. Two other cryptotephras, THP-TII10 and THP-TII12, are correlated with the Nisyros Upper Pumice and the Pantellerian Y6/Green Tuff, dated to >50 ka and 45.7 ka, respectively. This sequence confirms the position of the Nisyros Upper tephra, below the Pantellerian Green Tuff, in the volcanic event stratigraphy of the Mediterranean. Moreover, these two upper cryptotephras bracket an extended combustion layer with interstadial vegetation characteristics that may be coincident with the complex Greenland Interstadial 13–14. On the basis of this new chronology it can be deduced that the intensity of occupation and presence or absence of humans in the cave were closely related to climatic changes. In addition, a remarkable similarity in the pattern of occupational intensity during the last two deglaciations can be suggested.
tephrochronology, Mediterranean, cave, palaeolithic, MIS6/5 transition, climate change
0277-3791
170-181
Karkanas, Panagiotis
214e3d6e-df66-4d70-a7c6-fb732e322412
White, Dustin
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Lane, Christine S.
155188cd-86b9-4586-b315-3bd823921065
Stringer, Chris
4882ed94-1b65-49b2-ad5b-9c570bcff307
Davies, William
5042ec27-3fcd-4ddb-bc0c-8c5578a0e50b
Cullen, Victoria L.
1326b7b7-f438-4d6c-bcc6-f9fe55e119af
Smith, Victoria C.
38da622d-ce8d-4182-ba0a-26a2a8f6b80c
Ntinou, Maria
0506b550-c797-4413-8b64-34e59e826483
Tsartsidou, Georgia
631f9592-5aff-4191-8f28-65e2493b4d7a
Kyparissi-Apostolika, Nina
aa6ca62a-80ad-4d8d-be9f-8e304f680b48
Karkanas, Panagiotis
214e3d6e-df66-4d70-a7c6-fb732e322412
White, Dustin
5c77fb12-78b8-4a94-b25a-8697ccf5480b
Lane, Christine S.
155188cd-86b9-4586-b315-3bd823921065
Stringer, Chris
4882ed94-1b65-49b2-ad5b-9c570bcff307
Davies, William
5042ec27-3fcd-4ddb-bc0c-8c5578a0e50b
Cullen, Victoria L.
1326b7b7-f438-4d6c-bcc6-f9fe55e119af
Smith, Victoria C.
38da622d-ce8d-4182-ba0a-26a2a8f6b80c
Ntinou, Maria
0506b550-c797-4413-8b64-34e59e826483
Tsartsidou, Georgia
631f9592-5aff-4191-8f28-65e2493b4d7a
Kyparissi-Apostolika, Nina
aa6ca62a-80ad-4d8d-be9f-8e304f680b48

Karkanas, Panagiotis, White, Dustin, Lane, Christine S., Stringer, Chris, Davies, William, Cullen, Victoria L., Smith, Victoria C., Ntinou, Maria, Tsartsidou, Georgia and Kyparissi-Apostolika, Nina (2015) Tephra correlations and climatic events between the MIS6/5 transition and the beginning of MIS3 in Theopetra Cave, central Greece. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 170-181. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.027).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Three cryptotephra layers associated with important periods of climatic change were identified in the Middle Palaeolithic sequence of Theopetra Cave, Greece. The lower cryptotephra layer, THP-TII5, is correlated with the P-11 Pantellerian eruption dated to ?128–131 ka. This cryptotephra postdates a thick sequence of combustion layers that show a complex vegetation succession quite similar to that of the last deglaciation succession in the cave. Two other cryptotephras, THP-TII10 and THP-TII12, are correlated with the Nisyros Upper Pumice and the Pantellerian Y6/Green Tuff, dated to >50 ka and 45.7 ka, respectively. This sequence confirms the position of the Nisyros Upper tephra, below the Pantellerian Green Tuff, in the volcanic event stratigraphy of the Mediterranean. Moreover, these two upper cryptotephras bracket an extended combustion layer with interstadial vegetation characteristics that may be coincident with the complex Greenland Interstadial 13–14. On the basis of this new chronology it can be deduced that the intensity of occupation and presence or absence of humans in the cave were closely related to climatic changes. In addition, a remarkable similarity in the pattern of occupational intensity during the last two deglaciations can be suggested.

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Accepted/In Press date: 26 May 2015
e-pub ahead of print date: 17 June 2015
Keywords: tephrochronology, Mediterranean, cave, palaeolithic, MIS6/5 transition, climate change
Organisations: Archaeology

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Local EPrints ID: 378137
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/378137
ISSN: 0277-3791
PURE UUID: 982202ed-e3c8-4473-8977-981329f5cf27

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Date deposited: 17 Jun 2015 15:21
Last modified: 19 Jul 2019 20:41

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Contributors

Author: Panagiotis Karkanas
Author: Dustin White
Author: Christine S. Lane
Author: Chris Stringer
Author: William Davies
Author: Victoria L. Cullen
Author: Victoria C. Smith
Author: Maria Ntinou
Author: Georgia Tsartsidou
Author: Nina Kyparissi-Apostolika

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