The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Predictors for falls among hospital inpatients with impaired mobility

Vassallo, Michael, Vignaraja, Raj, Sharma, Jagdish C., Briggs, Roger and Allen, Stephen C. (2004) Predictors for falls among hospital inpatients with impaired mobility Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 97, (6), pp. 266-269. (doi:10.1258/014107604872550).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Gait and balance disturbances have been shown to predispose to falls in hospital. We aimed to investigate the patient characteristics associated with an unsafe gait and to determine what features predispose to falling in this group of hospital inpatients. In a prospective open observational study we studied 825 patients admitted for rehabilitation following acute medical illness or a surgical procedure. The patient's gait was assessed with the ‘get up and go’ test and classified into one of four categories—normal; abnormal but safe with or without mobility aids; unsafe; or unable. 72.6% of patients were assessed as having an unsafe gait. The factors independently associated with an unsafe gait were confusion, abnormal lower limbs, hearing defects and the use of tranquillizers. Patients with an unsafe gait who fell were more likely than the non-fallers within the group to have had falls in the past (85.3% versus 73.8%) and to be confused (66.2% versus 34.1%). Patients with both these characteristics had a 37.5% chance of falling compared with 15.4% in patients with one and 11.2% in patients with none of these characteristics. The presence of confusion and a history of falls identifies those patients who are at greatest risk of falls. Such patients might be the focus of special efforts at falls prevention.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2004

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 37816
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/37816
ISSN: 0141-0768
PURE UUID: 51111c62-8551-437b-81d5-cb2e44067270

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 31 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:41

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Michael Vassallo
Author: Raj Vignaraja
Author: Jagdish C. Sharma
Author: Roger Briggs
Author: Stephen C. Allen

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×