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Crystallisation study of the Cu2ZnSnS4 chalcogenide material for solar applications

Crystallisation study of the Cu2ZnSnS4 chalcogenide material for solar applications
Crystallisation study of the Cu2ZnSnS4 chalcogenide material for solar applications
Second generation thin-film chalcogenide materials, in particular CuInGa(S,Se)2 (CIGS) and CdTe, have been among the most promising and quickly became commercial candidates for large-scale PV manufacturing. These materials offer stable and efficient (above 10%) photovoltaic modules fabricated by scalable thin-film technologies and cell efficiencies above 20 % (CIGS). Indium-free kesterite-related materials such as Cu2ZnSnS4 have attracted significant research interest due to their similar properties to CIGS. In these materials, indium is replaced with earth-abundant zinc and tin metals. The quaternary semiconductor Cu2ZnSnS4(CZTS) is a relatively new photovoltaic material and is expected to be interesting for environmentally amenable solar cells, as its constituents are nontoxic and abundant in the Earth's crust. The CZTS thin films show p-type conductivity, a band gap of 1.44–1.51 eV that is ideal to achieve the highest solar-cell conversion efficiency, and relatively high optical absorption in the visible light range.
Al-Saab, F.
053e644d-44fe-4603-afed-6af6141668f3
Gholipour, B.
c17bd62d-9df6-40e6-bc42-65272d97e559
Huang, Kevin Chung-Che
825f7447-6d02-48f6-b95a-fa33da71f106
Hewak, D.W.
87c80070-c101-4f7a-914f-4cc3131e3db0
Anastasopoulos, A.
848d7bae-d49f-442d-8052-997d4b0a1ca2
Hayden, B.
04522727-70ad-47c8-9644-8f335977b9b6
Al-Saab, F.
053e644d-44fe-4603-afed-6af6141668f3
Gholipour, B.
c17bd62d-9df6-40e6-bc42-65272d97e559
Huang, Kevin Chung-Che
825f7447-6d02-48f6-b95a-fa33da71f106
Hewak, D.W.
87c80070-c101-4f7a-914f-4cc3131e3db0
Anastasopoulos, A.
848d7bae-d49f-442d-8052-997d4b0a1ca2
Hayden, B.
04522727-70ad-47c8-9644-8f335977b9b6

Al-Saab, F., Gholipour, B., Huang, Kevin Chung-Che, Hewak, D.W., Anastasopoulos, A. and Hayden, B. (2012) Crystallisation study of the Cu2ZnSnS4 chalcogenide material for solar applications At PV-SAT 8, United Kingdom. 02 - 04 Apr 2012. 1 pp.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Second generation thin-film chalcogenide materials, in particular CuInGa(S,Se)2 (CIGS) and CdTe, have been among the most promising and quickly became commercial candidates for large-scale PV manufacturing. These materials offer stable and efficient (above 10%) photovoltaic modules fabricated by scalable thin-film technologies and cell efficiencies above 20 % (CIGS). Indium-free kesterite-related materials such as Cu2ZnSnS4 have attracted significant research interest due to their similar properties to CIGS. In these materials, indium is replaced with earth-abundant zinc and tin metals. The quaternary semiconductor Cu2ZnSnS4(CZTS) is a relatively new photovoltaic material and is expected to be interesting for environmentally amenable solar cells, as its constituents are nontoxic and abundant in the Earth's crust. The CZTS thin films show p-type conductivity, a band gap of 1.44–1.51 eV that is ideal to achieve the highest solar-cell conversion efficiency, and relatively high optical absorption in the visible light range.

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Published date: April 2012
Venue - Dates: PV-SAT 8, United Kingdom, 2012-04-02 - 2012-04-04
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 379306
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/379306
PURE UUID: 1356ac04-88f1-4476-87e0-81117436c55d
ORCID for Kevin Chung-Che Huang: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3471-2463
ORCID for D.W. Hewak: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2093-5773

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Date deposited: 21 Jul 2015 11:03
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 20:44

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Contributors

Author: F. Al-Saab
Author: B. Gholipour
Author: D.W. Hewak ORCID iD
Author: A. Anastasopoulos
Author: B. Hayden

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