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Boron during meteoric diagenesis and its potential implications for Marinoan snowball Earth 11B-pH excursions

Boron during meteoric diagenesis and its potential implications for Marinoan snowball Earth 11B-pH excursions
Boron during meteoric diagenesis and its potential implications for Marinoan snowball Earth 11B-pH excursions
Large negative carbon (?13C) and boron (?11B) isotope excursions (both >6‰) within the widely distributed Neoproterozoic carbonates associated with the Marinoan "snowball Earth" event are interpreted to represent considerable perturbations of the carbon cycle and the accompanying reduction in global ocean pH. Yet this interpretation is predicated on these isotopic signals being primary in origin. Recent studies of Pleistocene carbonate platform sediments from the Great Bahama Bank (western Atlantic Ocean; Clino core, drilled by the Bahamas Drilling Project) and elsewhere demonstrate that ?13C excursions of similar magnitude and global distribution to the snowball Earth excursions are formed following eustatic sea-level fall and exposure of shelf carbonates to meteoric diagenesis. Here we present ?11B and trace element data (B/Ca, Na/Ca, Mg/Ca, and Sr/Ca) from the same Clino core carbonate sediments in order to explore the influence of this diagenetic process on the boron system. We find that within the interval of meteoric diagenesis the ?11B of bulk carbonate is reduced by ?6‰ in conjunction with a drop in the B/Ca ratio of 90%. Our results clearly demonstrate that the boron system is impacted by meteoric diagenesis, implying that a rigorous assessment of the diagenetic history of all ancient carbonates is required to ensure any paleoceanographic interpretation based on ?11B and/or B/Ca are robust.
0091-7613
627-630
Stewart, J.A.
7373aa9d-787a-4b05-bf54-d603f919c0ac
Gutjahr, M.
822f4505-967f-4b6c-8aa3-628888362c01
Pearce, F.
c070fca4-0426-40ba-ae51-d12893fa7960
Swart, P.K.
6780103e-acd7-4c7d-b4ad-514c2ca6112c
Foster, G.L.
fbaa7255-7267-4443-a55e-e2a791213022
Stewart, J.A.
7373aa9d-787a-4b05-bf54-d603f919c0ac
Gutjahr, M.
822f4505-967f-4b6c-8aa3-628888362c01
Pearce, F.
c070fca4-0426-40ba-ae51-d12893fa7960
Swart, P.K.
6780103e-acd7-4c7d-b4ad-514c2ca6112c
Foster, G.L.
fbaa7255-7267-4443-a55e-e2a791213022

Stewart, J.A., Gutjahr, M., Pearce, F., Swart, P.K. and Foster, G.L. (2015) Boron during meteoric diagenesis and its potential implications for Marinoan snowball Earth 11B-pH excursions. Geology, 43 (7), 627-630. (doi:10.1130/G36652.1).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Large negative carbon (?13C) and boron (?11B) isotope excursions (both >6‰) within the widely distributed Neoproterozoic carbonates associated with the Marinoan "snowball Earth" event are interpreted to represent considerable perturbations of the carbon cycle and the accompanying reduction in global ocean pH. Yet this interpretation is predicated on these isotopic signals being primary in origin. Recent studies of Pleistocene carbonate platform sediments from the Great Bahama Bank (western Atlantic Ocean; Clino core, drilled by the Bahamas Drilling Project) and elsewhere demonstrate that ?13C excursions of similar magnitude and global distribution to the snowball Earth excursions are formed following eustatic sea-level fall and exposure of shelf carbonates to meteoric diagenesis. Here we present ?11B and trace element data (B/Ca, Na/Ca, Mg/Ca, and Sr/Ca) from the same Clino core carbonate sediments in order to explore the influence of this diagenetic process on the boron system. We find that within the interval of meteoric diagenesis the ?11B of bulk carbonate is reduced by ?6‰ in conjunction with a drop in the B/Ca ratio of 90%. Our results clearly demonstrate that the boron system is impacted by meteoric diagenesis, implying that a rigorous assessment of the diagenetic history of all ancient carbonates is required to ensure any paleoceanographic interpretation based on ?11B and/or B/Ca are robust.

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Published date: 5 June 2015
Organisations: Geochemistry

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Local EPrints ID: 379458
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/379458
ISSN: 0091-7613
PURE UUID: 80672736-4131-482c-b282-609bea01fc8a

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Date deposited: 21 Jul 2015 10:22
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 20:43

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