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Time domain optimisation of filters used in a loudspeaker array for personal audio

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This paper describes a time domain design method for calculating the coefficients of FIR filters used to drive a loudspeaker array for personal audio. A motivating application is to boost the television audio in a certain spatial region with the aim of increasing the speech intelligibility of the hearing impaired. As the array is of small size, superdirective beamforming is applied to increase the low and mid frequency directional performance of the radiator. The filters for such arrays have previously been designed one frequency at a time, leading to non-causal filters that require a modeling delay for real time implementation. By posing the filter optimization in the time domain, the filter responses can be causally constrained, and the optimization is performed once for all frequencies. This paper considers the performance of such filters by carrying out off-line simulations, firstly using the impulse responses of point sources in the free field, and then with the measured responses of a loudspeaker array in an anechoic chamber. The simulation results show how the time domain optimization allows the creation of filters with either a low order or a low modeling delay.

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Simon Galvez, Marcos F., Elliott, Stephen J. and Cheer, Jordan (2015) Time domain optimisation of filters used in a loudspeaker array for personal audio IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, 23, (11), pp. 1869-1878. (doi:10.1109/TASLP.2015.2456428).

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Accepted/In Press date: 7 July 2015
e-pub ahead of print date: 14 July 2015
Published date: November 2015
Organisations: Signal Processing & Control Grp


Local EPrints ID: 379538
PURE UUID: 27068b90-a84a-4b8e-b00f-18a1d7439211
ORCID for Jordan Cheer: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 04 Aug 2015 15:53
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 20:43

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Author: Marcos F. Simon Galvez
Author: Jordan Cheer ORCID iD

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