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Planar-fiber nanomanufacturing

Planar-fiber nanomanufacturing
Planar-fiber nanomanufacturing
Current fabrication of low-dimension functional materials (semiconductors or metallic nanowires and nanotubes) requires either resource-intensive top-down processing or hardly scalable bottom-up synthesis, which so far have hindered industrial applications and wide accessibility to such materials. Recently iterative fibre drawing techniques have been proposed as a method to fabricate arrays of nanowires. This requires multiple fibre draws to be able to realize nanoscale features but with limited choices of materials.

Here we demonstrate a novel method for the large-volume production of embedded nanocomposites by taking advantage of thin film properties and patterning techniques commonly used in planar fabrication and combining these with fibre drawing used in mass manufacturing of optical fibres. This hybrid process enables the realization of single and one dimensional (1D) arrays of nanostructures encased in a chosen preform material with a single fibre draw, removing the need for costly and time consuming iterative fibre drawing to achieve nanoscale features. Furthermore, this method allows an unprecedented ability to combine materials with vastly different thermal properties. As a proof of principle of the remarkable potential of this method, nanowires of Germanium Antimony Telluride (GST), which thus far have not been achieved in fibre form, as well as ultra-long gold nanowires embedded in silicate glass fibres were drawn with a single fibre draw.

This fabrication technique enables mass-production and ultra-long multimaterial nanocomposites embedded in fibre form, which paves the way for a range of applications in photodetectors, lasing, sensing, optoelectronics and nanophotonics, to name a few.
Long, C.
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Gholipour, B.
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Bastock, P.
73583809-d787-4eb4-8b93-2110c5e2f29e
Craig, C.
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Khan, K.
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Hewak, D.
87c80070-c101-4f7a-914f-4cc3131e3db0
Soci, C.
6e631c6a-0cd5-41f7-ab48-665f09d2f010
Long, C.
0b946773-8b6c-4745-b3ec-245a43320db1
Gholipour, B.
c17bd62d-9df6-40e6-bc42-65272d97e559
Bastock, P.
73583809-d787-4eb4-8b93-2110c5e2f29e
Craig, C.
2328b42b-552e-4a82-941d-45449e952f10
Khan, K.
2b9242c4-2082-4bd3-843c-0c5e137b78f9
Hewak, D.
87c80070-c101-4f7a-914f-4cc3131e3db0
Soci, C.
6e631c6a-0cd5-41f7-ab48-665f09d2f010

Long, C., Gholipour, B., Bastock, P., Craig, C., Khan, K., Hewak, D. and Soci, C. (2015) Planar-fiber nanomanufacturing. 8th International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT 2015) [Materials Research Society of Singapore], Singapore. 28 Jun - 03 Jul 2015.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Current fabrication of low-dimension functional materials (semiconductors or metallic nanowires and nanotubes) requires either resource-intensive top-down processing or hardly scalable bottom-up synthesis, which so far have hindered industrial applications and wide accessibility to such materials. Recently iterative fibre drawing techniques have been proposed as a method to fabricate arrays of nanowires. This requires multiple fibre draws to be able to realize nanoscale features but with limited choices of materials.

Here we demonstrate a novel method for the large-volume production of embedded nanocomposites by taking advantage of thin film properties and patterning techniques commonly used in planar fabrication and combining these with fibre drawing used in mass manufacturing of optical fibres. This hybrid process enables the realization of single and one dimensional (1D) arrays of nanostructures encased in a chosen preform material with a single fibre draw, removing the need for costly and time consuming iterative fibre drawing to achieve nanoscale features. Furthermore, this method allows an unprecedented ability to combine materials with vastly different thermal properties. As a proof of principle of the remarkable potential of this method, nanowires of Germanium Antimony Telluride (GST), which thus far have not been achieved in fibre form, as well as ultra-long gold nanowires embedded in silicate glass fibres were drawn with a single fibre draw.

This fabrication technique enables mass-production and ultra-long multimaterial nanocomposites embedded in fibre form, which paves the way for a range of applications in photodetectors, lasing, sensing, optoelectronics and nanophotonics, to name a few.

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More information

Published date: June 2015
Venue - Dates: 8th International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT 2015) [Materials Research Society of Singapore], Singapore, 2015-06-28 - 2015-07-03
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 379873
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/379873
PURE UUID: 3b0031b2-0ce9-4cf9-a1a1-134ff90f05a4
ORCID for C. Craig: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6919-4294
ORCID for D. Hewak: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2093-5773

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 30 Jul 2015 15:32
Last modified: 15 Oct 2019 00:54

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Contributors

Author: C. Long
Author: B. Gholipour
Author: P. Bastock
Author: C. Craig ORCID iD
Author: K. Khan
Author: D. Hewak ORCID iD
Author: C. Soci

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