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Emerging digital technologies: Implications for extended conceptions of cognition and knowledge

Emerging digital technologies: Implications for extended conceptions of cognition and knowledge
Emerging digital technologies: Implications for extended conceptions of cognition and knowledge
This chapter explores the cognitive and epistemic implications of emerging digital technologies from the standpoint of two philosophical positions: active externalism and virtue reliabilism. Emerging digital technologies (especially those associated with the Internet and World Wide Web) are important because they help to highlight issues that are not so easily revealed by the rather mundane and technologically low-grade examples favored by the philosophical community. The present analysis suggests that the general thrust of technology design is largely consistent with the criteria that have been used to evaluate putative cases of cognitive extension. In addition, the present analysis suggests that active externalism and virtue reliabilism are broadly compatible when it comes to the notion of extended knowledge. Despite this, a consideration of both the properties of emerging digital technologies and the requirements for extended knowledge reveals something of an unexpected tension between our prospective status as extended cognizers and extended knowers.
epistemology, world wide web, web science, extended cognition, extended mind, linked data, semantic web, metacognition, virtue epistemology, trust, technology, augmented reality, personalization, wearable technology, cloud computing, extended knowledge, active externalism
Oxford University Press
Smart, Paul R.
cd8a3dbf-d963-4009-80fb-76ecc93579df
Carter, Adam J.
Clark, Andy
Kallestrup, Jesper
Palermos, Orestis Spyridon
Pritchard, Duncan
Smart, Paul R.
cd8a3dbf-d963-4009-80fb-76ecc93579df
Carter, Adam J.
Clark, Andy
Kallestrup, Jesper
Palermos, Orestis Spyridon
Pritchard, Duncan

Smart, Paul R. (2018) Emerging digital technologies: Implications for extended conceptions of cognition and knowledge In, Carter, Adam J., Clark, Andy, Kallestrup, Jesper, Palermos, Orestis Spyridon and Pritchard, Duncan (eds.) Extended Epistemology. Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

This chapter explores the cognitive and epistemic implications of emerging digital technologies from the standpoint of two philosophical positions: active externalism and virtue reliabilism. Emerging digital technologies (especially those associated with the Internet and World Wide Web) are important because they help to highlight issues that are not so easily revealed by the rather mundane and technologically low-grade examples favored by the philosophical community. The present analysis suggests that the general thrust of technology design is largely consistent with the criteria that have been used to evaluate putative cases of cognitive extension. In addition, the present analysis suggests that active externalism and virtue reliabilism are broadly compatible when it comes to the notion of extended knowledge. Despite this, a consideration of both the properties of emerging digital technologies and the requirements for extended knowledge reveals something of an unexpected tension between our prospective status as extended cognizers and extended knowers.

Text Emerging Digital Technologies - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 13 November 2017
Published date: 2018
Keywords: epistemology, world wide web, web science, extended cognition, extended mind, linked data, semantic web, metacognition, virtue epistemology, trust, technology, augmented reality, personalization, wearable technology, cloud computing, extended knowledge, active externalism
Organisations: Web & Internet Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 379969
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/379969
PURE UUID: 6505d74b-81ec-4679-a9c7-e935264b7724
ORCID for Paul R. Smart: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9989-5307

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 03 Aug 2015 08:50
Last modified: 15 Nov 2017 17:31

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Contributors

Author: Paul R. Smart ORCID iD
Editor: Adam J. Carter
Editor: Andy Clark
Editor: Jesper Kallestrup
Editor: Orestis Spyridon Palermos
Editor: Duncan Pritchard

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