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Sensation seeking and cocaine dependence in adults with reported childhood ADHD

Sensation seeking and cocaine dependence in adults with reported childhood ADHD
Sensation seeking and cocaine dependence in adults with reported childhood ADHD
Objective: To compare measures of sensation seeking in a clinical group of cocaine-dependent (CD) patients with and without a history of probable childhood ADHD and in non-cocaine-dependent (NCD) healthy volunteers. Method: Patients (n = 75; 42 with and 33 without probable childhood ADHD) and comparisons (n = 84) were assessed with the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies, the Wender Utah Rating Scale for childhood ADHD, and the Zuckerman Seeking Sensation Scale. Results: We found significantly higher prevalence rates of probable childhood ADHD in CD versus NCD (p < .001). The mean total scores of sensation seeking were significantly higher in CD versus NCD participants (p < .001) as well as in CD patients with versus those without a probable history of childhood ADHD (p < .001). Conclusion: Our study sets the basis for longitudinal investigation assessing whether the persistence of high level of sensation seeking in adults with childhood ADHD contributes to the transition to cocaine dependence.
substance use disorders, cocaine, ADHD, sensation seeking
1087-0547
335-342
Ballon, N.
51f9b517-b76e-4a94-862f-a81fc3414ded
Brunault, P.
807038bc-7d98-4b39-bf67-6cad6e67de2b
Cortese, S.
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Ballon, N.
51f9b517-b76e-4a94-862f-a81fc3414ded
Brunault, P.
807038bc-7d98-4b39-bf67-6cad6e67de2b
Cortese, S.
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb

Ballon, N., Brunault, P. and Cortese, S. (2015) Sensation seeking and cocaine dependence in adults with reported childhood ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 19 (4), 335-342. (doi:10.1177/1087054714543651).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: To compare measures of sensation seeking in a clinical group of cocaine-dependent (CD) patients with and without a history of probable childhood ADHD and in non-cocaine-dependent (NCD) healthy volunteers. Method: Patients (n = 75; 42 with and 33 without probable childhood ADHD) and comparisons (n = 84) were assessed with the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies, the Wender Utah Rating Scale for childhood ADHD, and the Zuckerman Seeking Sensation Scale. Results: We found significantly higher prevalence rates of probable childhood ADHD in CD versus NCD (p < .001). The mean total scores of sensation seeking were significantly higher in CD versus NCD participants (p < .001) as well as in CD patients with versus those without a probable history of childhood ADHD (p < .001). Conclusion: Our study sets the basis for longitudinal investigation assessing whether the persistence of high level of sensation seeking in adults with childhood ADHD contributes to the transition to cocaine dependence.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 1 August 2014
Published date: April 2015
Keywords: substance use disorders, cocaine, ADHD, sensation seeking
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 380162
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/380162
ISSN: 1087-0547
PURE UUID: abc3ef02-ab56-4765-a85f-03d6a153b03a
ORCID for S. Cortese: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-8075

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Aug 2015 13:31
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:35

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Contributors

Author: N. Ballon
Author: P. Brunault
Author: S. Cortese ORCID iD

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