The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom expression

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom expression
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom expression
Background: The DSM-IV age at onset criterion for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been a subject of debate. In DSM-5, the required age at onset (ie, the age by which impairing symptoms must have been present) has increased from 7 years to 12 years. The present study examined measurement properties of ADHD symptoms according to age at onset.

Method: Data were derived from the 2004–2005 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, which included 34,653 US participants. Among participants with a lifetime DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD (assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-IV), we compared the psychometric properties of the 18 ADHD symptoms according to 3 categories of age at onset (? 7 years, > 7 and ? 12 years, and > 12 and ? 18 years). A 2-parameter item response model was used to estimate differential item functioning (DIF) between these groups.

Results: 364 participants with a lifetime DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD had an age at onset ? 7 years, 252 had an age at onset > 7 and ? 12 years, and 148 had an age at onset > 12 and ? 18 years. In both dimensions of ADHD (ie, inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity), there was no significant DIF between age at onset groups.

Conclusions: Expression of DSM-IV ADHD symptoms was not affected by age at onset in the 3 groups considered. This study provides psychometric support to the change in the age criterion introduced by DSM-5 and further suggests that the age at onset criterion could be extended to 18 years without changing the psychometric properties of the ADHD symptoms.
0160-6689
386-392
Peyre, Hugo
5fa6b811-0973-452d-9aed-10690ee71977
Hoertel, Nicolas
86e4935c-c9e7-471f-8329-fbc7822eeadc
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Acquaviva, Eric
cc637327-5564-481a-ad30-9976b380b50f
De Maricourt, Pierre
ba0570e7-0562-467f-bf0d-4a07ac6f504d
Limosin, Frédéric
85433960-488f-45e9-9712-6fc491b42ed3
Delorme, Richard
d949be49-fea2-48cb-aefa-f635926d2259
Peyre, Hugo
5fa6b811-0973-452d-9aed-10690ee71977
Hoertel, Nicolas
86e4935c-c9e7-471f-8329-fbc7822eeadc
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Acquaviva, Eric
cc637327-5564-481a-ad30-9976b380b50f
De Maricourt, Pierre
ba0570e7-0562-467f-bf0d-4a07ac6f504d
Limosin, Frédéric
85433960-488f-45e9-9712-6fc491b42ed3
Delorme, Richard
d949be49-fea2-48cb-aefa-f635926d2259

Peyre, Hugo, Hoertel, Nicolas, Cortese, Samuele, Acquaviva, Eric, De Maricourt, Pierre, Limosin, Frédéric and Delorme, Richard (2014) Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom expression. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 75 (4), 386-392. (doi:10.4088/JCP.13m08638).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: The DSM-IV age at onset criterion for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been a subject of debate. In DSM-5, the required age at onset (ie, the age by which impairing symptoms must have been present) has increased from 7 years to 12 years. The present study examined measurement properties of ADHD symptoms according to age at onset.

Method: Data were derived from the 2004–2005 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, which included 34,653 US participants. Among participants with a lifetime DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD (assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-IV), we compared the psychometric properties of the 18 ADHD symptoms according to 3 categories of age at onset (? 7 years, > 7 and ? 12 years, and > 12 and ? 18 years). A 2-parameter item response model was used to estimate differential item functioning (DIF) between these groups.

Results: 364 participants with a lifetime DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD had an age at onset ? 7 years, 252 had an age at onset > 7 and ? 12 years, and 148 had an age at onset > 12 and ? 18 years. In both dimensions of ADHD (ie, inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity), there was no significant DIF between age at onset groups.

Conclusions: Expression of DSM-IV ADHD symptoms was not affected by age at onset in the 3 groups considered. This study provides psychometric support to the change in the age criterion introduced by DSM-5 and further suggests that the age at onset criterion could be extended to 18 years without changing the psychometric properties of the ADHD symptoms.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 18 December 2013
Published date: 2014
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 380172
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/380172
ISSN: 0160-6689
PURE UUID: cc241d2c-0ce1-4263-a969-798e705e94d5
ORCID for Samuele Cortese: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-8075

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Aug 2015 15:22
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:35

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Hugo Peyre
Author: Nicolas Hoertel
Author: Samuele Cortese ORCID iD
Author: Eric Acquaviva
Author: Pierre De Maricourt
Author: Frédéric Limosin
Author: Richard Delorme

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×