The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Obesity in men with childhood ADHD: a 33-year controlled, prospective, follow-up study

Obesity in men with childhood ADHD: a 33-year controlled, prospective, follow-up study
Obesity in men with childhood ADHD: a 33-year controlled, prospective, follow-up study

OBJECTIVE: To compare BMI and obesity rates in fully grown men with and without childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We predicted higher BMI and obesity rates in: (1) men with, versus men without, childhood ADHD; (2) men with persistent, versus men with remitted, ADHD; and (3) men with persistent or remitted ADHD versus those without childhood ADHD.


METHODS: Men with childhood ADHD were from a cohort of 207 white boys (referred at a mean age of 8.3 years), interviewed blindly at mean ages 18 (FU18), 25 (FU25), and 41 years (FU41). At FU18, 178 boys without ADHD were recruited. At FU41, 111 men with childhood ADHD and 111 men without childhood ADHD self-reported their weight and height.


RESULTS: Men with childhood ADHD had significantly higher BMI (30.1 ± 6.3 vs 27.6 ± 3.9; P = .001) and obesity rates (41.4% vs 21.6%; P = .001) than men without childhood ADHD. Group differences remained significant after adjustment for socioeconomic status and lifetime mental disorders. Men with persistent (n = 24) and remitted (n = 87) ADHD did not differ significantly in BMI or obesity rates. Even after adjustment, men with remitted (but not persistent) ADHD had significantly higher BMI (B: 2.86 [95% CI: 1.22 to 4.50]) and obesity rates (odds ratio: 2.99 [95% CI: 1.55 to 5.77]) than those without childhood ADHD.


CONCLUSIONS: Children with ADHD are at increased risk of obesity as adults. Findings of elevated BMI and obesity rates in men with remitted ADHD require replication.
0031-4005
e1731-e1738
Cortese, S.
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Ramos Olazagasti, M. A.
526cbfcf-c986-4a2c-8fe2-d92f28961fa8
Klein, R. G.
fe453c74-5880-4acb-89e6-2f69b9f4ac4d
Castellanos, F. X.
00254c00-8006-4580-854b-04309dcec0d8
Proal, E.
f9760a4c-38c4-406f-a856-921f99966efc
Mannuzza, S.
fbd20175-3ac4-4c64-8b70-fb3aac8e099f
Cortese, S.
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Ramos Olazagasti, M. A.
526cbfcf-c986-4a2c-8fe2-d92f28961fa8
Klein, R. G.
fe453c74-5880-4acb-89e6-2f69b9f4ac4d
Castellanos, F. X.
00254c00-8006-4580-854b-04309dcec0d8
Proal, E.
f9760a4c-38c4-406f-a856-921f99966efc
Mannuzza, S.
fbd20175-3ac4-4c64-8b70-fb3aac8e099f

Cortese, S., Ramos Olazagasti, M. A., Klein, R. G., Castellanos, F. X., Proal, E. and Mannuzza, S. (2013) Obesity in men with childhood ADHD: a 33-year controlled, prospective, follow-up study. Pediatrics, 131 (6), e1731-e1738. (doi:10.1542/peds.2012-0540).

Record type: Article

Abstract


OBJECTIVE: To compare BMI and obesity rates in fully grown men with and without childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We predicted higher BMI and obesity rates in: (1) men with, versus men without, childhood ADHD; (2) men with persistent, versus men with remitted, ADHD; and (3) men with persistent or remitted ADHD versus those without childhood ADHD.


METHODS: Men with childhood ADHD were from a cohort of 207 white boys (referred at a mean age of 8.3 years), interviewed blindly at mean ages 18 (FU18), 25 (FU25), and 41 years (FU41). At FU18, 178 boys without ADHD were recruited. At FU41, 111 men with childhood ADHD and 111 men without childhood ADHD self-reported their weight and height.


RESULTS: Men with childhood ADHD had significantly higher BMI (30.1 ± 6.3 vs 27.6 ± 3.9; P = .001) and obesity rates (41.4% vs 21.6%; P = .001) than men without childhood ADHD. Group differences remained significant after adjustment for socioeconomic status and lifetime mental disorders. Men with persistent (n = 24) and remitted (n = 87) ADHD did not differ significantly in BMI or obesity rates. Even after adjustment, men with remitted (but not persistent) ADHD had significantly higher BMI (B: 2.86 [95% CI: 1.22 to 4.50]) and obesity rates (odds ratio: 2.99 [95% CI: 1.55 to 5.77]) than those without childhood ADHD.


CONCLUSIONS: Children with ADHD are at increased risk of obesity as adults. Findings of elevated BMI and obesity rates in men with remitted ADHD require replication.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 6 June 2013
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 380177
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/380177
ISSN: 0031-4005
PURE UUID: 8b6547d1-f46b-4037-81a3-61d1842c4009
ORCID for S. Cortese: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-8075

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 Aug 2015 09:28
Last modified: 29 Aug 2019 00:32

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: S. Cortese ORCID iD
Author: M. A. Ramos Olazagasti
Author: R. G. Klein
Author: F. X. Castellanos
Author: E. Proal
Author: S. Mannuzza

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×