The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Thermodynamic performance of new thermofluidic feed pumps for Organic Rankine Cycle applications

Thermodynamic performance of new thermofluidic feed pumps for Organic Rankine Cycle applications
Thermodynamic performance of new thermofluidic feed pumps for Organic Rankine Cycle applications
This study develops thermofluidic pump technology that is powered by heat, rather than by electrical or mechanical power. The objective is to improve the performance of heat-recovery by Organic Rankine Cycles, by using a recently-proposed thermofluidic pump. The thermofluidic pump promises low-cost, high-reliability, and, since it does not consume any of the power produced by the expander, improved return on investment. No performance data for the new thermofluidic pump have been reported previously, therefore a thermodynamic model is derived and used to evaluate performance metrics that characterise pump operation and its impact on the overall cycle efficiency. Improved pump configurations are then developed and analysed. A two-stage pump configuration is presented that enhances the thermal efficiency of the cycle. An economiser is also proposed in order to obtain boiler efficiencies similar to those for mechanical feed pumps. It has been shown that the cycle efficiency with the two-stage pump is maximum when there is no net heat input in the intermediate evaporator. The resulting thermal efficiency exceeds the best-possible efficiency that is obtainable with an ideal mechanical pump. The relative improvement in cycle efficiency achieved with the two-stage thermofluidic pump is greatest for low-temperature cycles operating below 100°C, for which the back work ratio is usually higher and the efficiencies of electro-mechanical feed pumps are poorer – yielding a relative increase of the cycle efficiency by up to 30%.
organic rankine cycle, feed pump, thermofluidic, heat engine, heat-recovery, pumpless rankine cycle
0306-2619
75-84
Richardson, E.S.
a8357516-e871-40d8-8a53-de7847aa2d08
Richardson, E.S.
a8357516-e871-40d8-8a53-de7847aa2d08

Richardson, E.S. (2016) Thermodynamic performance of new thermofluidic feed pumps for Organic Rankine Cycle applications. Applied Energy - Elsevier, 161, 75-84. (doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.10.004).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This study develops thermofluidic pump technology that is powered by heat, rather than by electrical or mechanical power. The objective is to improve the performance of heat-recovery by Organic Rankine Cycles, by using a recently-proposed thermofluidic pump. The thermofluidic pump promises low-cost, high-reliability, and, since it does not consume any of the power produced by the expander, improved return on investment. No performance data for the new thermofluidic pump have been reported previously, therefore a thermodynamic model is derived and used to evaluate performance metrics that characterise pump operation and its impact on the overall cycle efficiency. Improved pump configurations are then developed and analysed. A two-stage pump configuration is presented that enhances the thermal efficiency of the cycle. An economiser is also proposed in order to obtain boiler efficiencies similar to those for mechanical feed pumps. It has been shown that the cycle efficiency with the two-stage pump is maximum when there is no net heat input in the intermediate evaporator. The resulting thermal efficiency exceeds the best-possible efficiency that is obtainable with an ideal mechanical pump. The relative improvement in cycle efficiency achieved with the two-stage thermofluidic pump is greatest for low-temperature cycles operating below 100°C, for which the back work ratio is usually higher and the efficiencies of electro-mechanical feed pumps are poorer – yielding a relative increase of the cycle efficiency by up to 30%.

Text
TFE_analysis_ApplEnergy_2015_preprint.pdf - Author's Original
Download (1MB)
Text
Richardson_applied_energy_2016.pdf - Version of Record
Restricted to Repository staff only
Request a copy

More information

Submitted date: 28 May 2015
Accepted/In Press date: 2 October 2015
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 October 2015
Published date: 1 January 2016
Keywords: organic rankine cycle, feed pump, thermofluidic, heat engine, heat-recovery, pumpless rankine cycle
Organisations: Aeronautics, Astronautics & Comp. Eng

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 380301
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/380301
ISSN: 0306-2619
PURE UUID: 19d5efd8-4abd-4356-b12d-45f664802830

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 Sep 2015 08:41
Last modified: 09 Sep 2019 18:37

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×