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Comorbidity between ADHD and obesity: exploring shared mechanisms and clinical implications

Comorbidity between ADHD and obesity: exploring shared mechanisms and clinical implications
Comorbidity between ADHD and obesity: exploring shared mechanisms and clinical implications
Recent studies suggest an association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obesity. In this article, we systematically review and critically discuss evidence on the prevalence of ADHD in obese patients as well as the weight status of individuals with ADHD. Relevant articles were searched in PubMed, PsychInfo, and ISI Web of Science (January 1980 to June 2010). We found that current evidence indicates a high prevalence of ADHD in clinical samples of patients seeking treatment for their obesity. Moreover, available studies show that individuals with ADHD have higher-than-average body mass index z scores and/or a significantly higher prevalence of obesity compared with subjects without ADHD. Three mechanisms underlying the association between ADHD and obesity have been proposed: 1) it is possible that obesity and/or factors associated with it (such as sleep-disordered breathing) manifest as ADHD-like symptoms; 2) ADHD and obesity share common biological dysfunctions; and 3) ADHD contributes to obesity. With regards to the possible clinical implications, our findings suggest that it is noteworthy to screen for ADHD in patients with obesity and to look for abnormal eating behaviors as possible contributing factors of obesity in patients with ADHD. Based on preliminary findings, appropriate treatment of ADHD may improve the weight status of individuals with both obesity and ADHD
ADHD, obesity, overweight, eating disorders, treatment
0032-5481
88-96
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Peñalver, Carmen Morcillo
c9cca698-febb-430f-af54-ef119d5d03c8
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Peñalver, Carmen Morcillo
c9cca698-febb-430f-af54-ef119d5d03c8

Cortese, Samuele and Peñalver, Carmen Morcillo (2010) Comorbidity between ADHD and obesity: exploring shared mechanisms and clinical implications. Postgraduate Medicine, 122 (5), 88-96. (doi:10.3810/pgm.2010.09.2205).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Recent studies suggest an association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obesity. In this article, we systematically review and critically discuss evidence on the prevalence of ADHD in obese patients as well as the weight status of individuals with ADHD. Relevant articles were searched in PubMed, PsychInfo, and ISI Web of Science (January 1980 to June 2010). We found that current evidence indicates a high prevalence of ADHD in clinical samples of patients seeking treatment for their obesity. Moreover, available studies show that individuals with ADHD have higher-than-average body mass index z scores and/or a significantly higher prevalence of obesity compared with subjects without ADHD. Three mechanisms underlying the association between ADHD and obesity have been proposed: 1) it is possible that obesity and/or factors associated with it (such as sleep-disordered breathing) manifest as ADHD-like symptoms; 2) ADHD and obesity share common biological dysfunctions; and 3) ADHD contributes to obesity. With regards to the possible clinical implications, our findings suggest that it is noteworthy to screen for ADHD in patients with obesity and to look for abnormal eating behaviors as possible contributing factors of obesity in patients with ADHD. Based on preliminary findings, appropriate treatment of ADHD may improve the weight status of individuals with both obesity and ADHD

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More information

Published date: 2010
Keywords: ADHD, obesity, overweight, eating disorders, treatment
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 380433
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/380433
ISSN: 0032-5481
PURE UUID: 807cad56-b89b-4c5f-a3ab-a97cf13322ec
ORCID for Samuele Cortese: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-8075

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 10 Sep 2015 08:06
Last modified: 17 Dec 2019 01:34

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Contributors

Author: Samuele Cortese ORCID iD
Author: Carmen Morcillo Peñalver

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