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Temperament and character dimensions associated with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder boys

Temperament and character dimensions associated with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder boys
Temperament and character dimensions associated with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder boys
Background: although differential patterns of temperament and character have been documented in subjects with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), few studies have investigated relations between these dimensions, clinical features of ADHD, and treatment outcome.

Methods: ninety-five boys with ADHD and 87 controls participated in the study; 88.5% of the referred patients were reassessed after optimal titration of methylphendiate treatment.

Results: compared with controls, boys with ADHD showed a temperament profile of high novelty seeking, low reward dependence, and persistence, as well as low scores on both self-determination and cooperativeness character dimensions. No significant differences were found between subjects with ADHD and controls in harm avoidance. Temperament and character traits were related to specific symptom domains and comorbidity but did not predict global severity of ADHD. Persistent and immature children with ADHD were more likely to experience short-term remission
0010-440X
286-292
Purper-Ouakil, Diane
54755856-1833-44db-9a28-94d78d444688
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Wohl, Mathias
5f9f920a-eea7-45a4-a98f-0eab45ad7f83
Aubron, Valérie
bcdce21d-c9e0-4fd1-80df-0dff7525646b
Orejarena, Silvia
bee323f6-d8b5-4df7-a344-17212e13e53e
Michel, Gregory
a9c54ab4-c5ac-4dc8-be85-755799aafd5b
Asch, Muriel
eb30d2be-e5fc-489a-b946-930a64cb48cd
Mouren, Marie-Christine
9c60d8ab-fe73-4121-91a8-4522492cd6d5
Gorwood, Philip
b42bcccc-4ccd-4a66-904c-8d76461e797f
Purper-Ouakil, Diane
54755856-1833-44db-9a28-94d78d444688
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Wohl, Mathias
5f9f920a-eea7-45a4-a98f-0eab45ad7f83
Aubron, Valérie
bcdce21d-c9e0-4fd1-80df-0dff7525646b
Orejarena, Silvia
bee323f6-d8b5-4df7-a344-17212e13e53e
Michel, Gregory
a9c54ab4-c5ac-4dc8-be85-755799aafd5b
Asch, Muriel
eb30d2be-e5fc-489a-b946-930a64cb48cd
Mouren, Marie-Christine
9c60d8ab-fe73-4121-91a8-4522492cd6d5
Gorwood, Philip
b42bcccc-4ccd-4a66-904c-8d76461e797f

Purper-Ouakil, Diane, Cortese, Samuele, Wohl, Mathias, Aubron, Valérie, Orejarena, Silvia, Michel, Gregory, Asch, Muriel, Mouren, Marie-Christine and Gorwood, Philip (2010) Temperament and character dimensions associated with clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder boys. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 51 (3), 286-292. (doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2009.08.004). (PMID:20399338)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: although differential patterns of temperament and character have been documented in subjects with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), few studies have investigated relations between these dimensions, clinical features of ADHD, and treatment outcome.

Methods: ninety-five boys with ADHD and 87 controls participated in the study; 88.5% of the referred patients were reassessed after optimal titration of methylphendiate treatment.

Results: compared with controls, boys with ADHD showed a temperament profile of high novelty seeking, low reward dependence, and persistence, as well as low scores on both self-determination and cooperativeness character dimensions. No significant differences were found between subjects with ADHD and controls in harm avoidance. Temperament and character traits were related to specific symptom domains and comorbidity but did not predict global severity of ADHD. Persistent and immature children with ADHD were more likely to experience short-term remission

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More information

Published date: May 2010
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 380434
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/380434
ISSN: 0010-440X
PURE UUID: 8162d722-6fbc-4103-ad84-c91dde423595
ORCID for Samuele Cortese: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-8075

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Date deposited: 10 Sep 2015 08:16
Last modified: 03 Dec 2019 01:33

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Contributors

Author: Diane Purper-Ouakil
Author: Samuele Cortese ORCID iD
Author: Mathias Wohl
Author: Valérie Aubron
Author: Silvia Orejarena
Author: Gregory Michel
Author: Muriel Asch
Author: Marie-Christine Mouren
Author: Philip Gorwood

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