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The relationship between body size and depression symptoms in adolescents

The relationship between body size and depression symptoms in adolescents
The relationship between body size and depression symptoms in adolescents
Objective: to evaluate the relationship between body size and depressive symptoms, as well as the moderating effects of age, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES), in a sample of young adolescents.

Study design: the study group comprised 678 young adolescents (age 11 to 14 years). Body mass index (BMI) z scores were used to estimate body size. Depression symptoms were assessed using the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). The spline function was used to examine the shape of the relationship between BMI z score and depressive symptoms.

Results: in the total sample, CDI scores were lowest for BMI z scores between ?1 and ?0.5. CDI scores increased progressively for BMI z scores > 0. In boys, CDI scores increased for BMI z scores > 2, whereas in girls, CDI scores increased for BMI z scores > ?0.5 and < ?1. Age did not have a significant moderating effect. SES had a moderating effect only in boys (P = .011).

Conclusions: the relationship between body size and depressive symptoms in young adolescents is curvilinear and is moderated by sex. Heavier-than-average and underweight girls, as well as obese boys, had the highest depression scores
0022-3476
86-90
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Falissard, Bruno
a5030786-d94f-4b6c-8091-48b5cfd15630
Angriman, Marco
3520e752-d35c-461f-80f4-b31203319cef
Pigaiani, Yolande
61b9bd01-3f3d-4ad0-8511-70fb0a130b34
Banzato, Claudia
bdb3a75a-7297-4dc5-b27d-f856b68db4d5
Bogoni, Giovanna
144aedef-ef2c-4082-87e9-378adccf6ee7
Pellegrino, Maristella
37f6b826-ff04-40c2-b23c-3f2826ad7632
Cook, Solange
af9bf368-a40f-4041-91b3-37bdef38497e
Pajno-Ferrara, Franco
aba00c7e-622c-4c42-b2f5-c10ddbd21fc1
Bernardina, Bernardo Dalla
5325874e-719c-4763-8a4a-f9ffe2288e12
Mouren, Marie-Christine
9c60d8ab-fe73-4121-91a8-4522492cd6d5
Maffeis, Claudio
58844f2c-150c-4cc3-83fb-97bf9b29cd09
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Falissard, Bruno
a5030786-d94f-4b6c-8091-48b5cfd15630
Angriman, Marco
3520e752-d35c-461f-80f4-b31203319cef
Pigaiani, Yolande
61b9bd01-3f3d-4ad0-8511-70fb0a130b34
Banzato, Claudia
bdb3a75a-7297-4dc5-b27d-f856b68db4d5
Bogoni, Giovanna
144aedef-ef2c-4082-87e9-378adccf6ee7
Pellegrino, Maristella
37f6b826-ff04-40c2-b23c-3f2826ad7632
Cook, Solange
af9bf368-a40f-4041-91b3-37bdef38497e
Pajno-Ferrara, Franco
aba00c7e-622c-4c42-b2f5-c10ddbd21fc1
Bernardina, Bernardo Dalla
5325874e-719c-4763-8a4a-f9ffe2288e12
Mouren, Marie-Christine
9c60d8ab-fe73-4121-91a8-4522492cd6d5
Maffeis, Claudio
58844f2c-150c-4cc3-83fb-97bf9b29cd09

Cortese, Samuele, Falissard, Bruno, Angriman, Marco, Pigaiani, Yolande, Banzato, Claudia, Bogoni, Giovanna, Pellegrino, Maristella, Cook, Solange, Pajno-Ferrara, Franco, Bernardina, Bernardo Dalla, Mouren, Marie-Christine and Maffeis, Claudio (2009) The relationship between body size and depression symptoms in adolescents. Journal of Pediatrics, 154 (1), 86-90. (doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.07.040). (PMID:0022-3476 )

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: to evaluate the relationship between body size and depressive symptoms, as well as the moderating effects of age, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES), in a sample of young adolescents.

Study design: the study group comprised 678 young adolescents (age 11 to 14 years). Body mass index (BMI) z scores were used to estimate body size. Depression symptoms were assessed using the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). The spline function was used to examine the shape of the relationship between BMI z score and depressive symptoms.

Results: in the total sample, CDI scores were lowest for BMI z scores between ?1 and ?0.5. CDI scores increased progressively for BMI z scores > 0. In boys, CDI scores increased for BMI z scores > 2, whereas in girls, CDI scores increased for BMI z scores > ?0.5 and < ?1. Age did not have a significant moderating effect. SES had a moderating effect only in boys (P = .011).

Conclusions: the relationship between body size and depressive symptoms in young adolescents is curvilinear and is moderated by sex. Heavier-than-average and underweight girls, as well as obese boys, had the highest depression scores

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More information

Published date: January 2009
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 380445
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/380445
ISSN: 0022-3476
PURE UUID: 2a030238-b436-4e46-a350-7b13e2f17110
ORCID for Samuele Cortese: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-8075

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Date deposited: 10 Sep 2015 10:08
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:21

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Contributors

Author: Samuele Cortese ORCID iD
Author: Bruno Falissard
Author: Marco Angriman
Author: Yolande Pigaiani
Author: Claudia Banzato
Author: Giovanna Bogoni
Author: Maristella Pellegrino
Author: Solange Cook
Author: Franco Pajno-Ferrara
Author: Bernardo Dalla Bernardina
Author: Marie-Christine Mouren
Author: Claudio Maffeis

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