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Connectivity

Connectivity
Connectivity
The connectivity of neuronal systems is their most fundamental characteristic. Here, we focus on recent developments in understanding structural and functional connectivity at the macroscale, which is accessible with current imaging technology. Structural connectivity is examined via diffusion weighted imaging methods, of which diffusion tensor imaging is the most frequently used. Many cross-sectional and an increasing number of longitudinal studies using diffusion tensor imaging have been recently conducted over the period of development starting with newborns. Functional connectivity has been studied through task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging, and increasingly through studies on task-free functional imaging, also known as resting state functional imaging. The study of intrinsic functional connectivity beginning during fetal life reveals the developmental organization of intrinsic connectivity networks such as the default mode network, the dorsal attention network, the frontal-parietal executive control network, as well as primary cortical networks. As methods of examining both structural and functional connectivity mature, they increasingly inform our understanding of the development of connectivity in service of the long-term goal of delineating the substrates of much of developmental psychopathology.
978-3-642-54912-0
49-77
Springer
Castellanos, Francisco Xavier
bd1644e9-cb92-4e21-a493-51d526e00c4c
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Proal, Erika
706638c9-a072-4632-9199-6ea2a7aaa862
Andersen, Susan L.
Pine, Daniel S.
Castellanos, Francisco Xavier
bd1644e9-cb92-4e21-a493-51d526e00c4c
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Proal, Erika
706638c9-a072-4632-9199-6ea2a7aaa862
Andersen, Susan L.
Pine, Daniel S.

Castellanos, Francisco Xavier, Cortese, Samuele and Proal, Erika (2014) Connectivity. In, Andersen, Susan L. and Pine, Daniel S. (eds.) The Neurobiology of Childhood. (Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, , (doi:10.1007/7854_2013_244), 16) New York, US. Springer, pp. 49-77. (doi:10.1007/7854_2013_244).

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

The connectivity of neuronal systems is their most fundamental characteristic. Here, we focus on recent developments in understanding structural and functional connectivity at the macroscale, which is accessible with current imaging technology. Structural connectivity is examined via diffusion weighted imaging methods, of which diffusion tensor imaging is the most frequently used. Many cross-sectional and an increasing number of longitudinal studies using diffusion tensor imaging have been recently conducted over the period of development starting with newborns. Functional connectivity has been studied through task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging, and increasingly through studies on task-free functional imaging, also known as resting state functional imaging. The study of intrinsic functional connectivity beginning during fetal life reveals the developmental organization of intrinsic connectivity networks such as the default mode network, the dorsal attention network, the frontal-parietal executive control network, as well as primary cortical networks. As methods of examining both structural and functional connectivity mature, they increasingly inform our understanding of the development of connectivity in service of the long-term goal of delineating the substrates of much of developmental psychopathology.

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Published date: 2014
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 380478
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/380478
ISBN: 978-3-642-54912-0
PURE UUID: a6b4f773-f289-434b-89ba-ebaf2b0baa7a
ORCID for Samuele Cortese: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-8075

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Sep 2015 10:39
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:35

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Contributors

Author: Francisco Xavier Castellanos
Author: Samuele Cortese ORCID iD
Author: Erika Proal
Editor: Susan L. Andersen
Editor: Daniel S. Pine

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