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Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems

Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems
Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems
The prospects for using fiber optical parametric amplifiers (OPAs) in optical communication systems are reviewed. Phase-insensitive amplifiers (PIAs) and phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs) are considered. Low-penalty amplification at/or near 1 Tb/s has been achieved, for both wavelength- and time-division multiplexed formats. High-quality mid-span spectral inversion has been demonstrated at 0.64 Tb/s, avoiding electronic dispersion compensation. All-optical amplitude regeneration of amplitude-modulated signals has been performed, while PSAs have been used to demonstrate phase regeneration of phase-modulated signals. A PSA with 1.1-dB noise figure has been demonstrated, and preliminary wavelength-division multiplexing experiments have been performed with PSAs. 512 Gb/s have been transmitted over 6,000 km by periodic phase conjugation. Simulations indicate that PIAs could reach data rate x reach products in excess of 14,000 Tb/s × km in realistic wavelength-division multiplexed long-haul networks. Technical challenges remaining to be addressed in order for fiber OPAs to become useful for long-haul communication networks are discussed.
parametric amplifiers, fiber optic communication, fiber nonlinearities, phase-sensitive amplification, signal regeneration, phase regeneration, mid-span spectral inversion
1863-8880
50-74
Marhic, M.E.
55769231-4e66-400a-97d8-cce82787abb1
Andrekson, P.A.
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Petropoulos, P.
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Radic, S.
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Peucheret, C.
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Zazayerifar, M.
a8fe6144-e45b-4bb2-9df8-c6b7020b9812
Marhic, M.E.
55769231-4e66-400a-97d8-cce82787abb1
Andrekson, P.A.
1dd7eddd-b86a-4c66-9736-f9f97dc87337
Petropoulos, P.
522b02cc-9f3f-468e-bca5-e9f58cc9cad7
Radic, S.
30e610ae-ab9c-4382-bc97-e553d6c6be6b
Peucheret, C.
9975b02d-59db-4a92-8c09-04d3533c4d7e
Zazayerifar, M.
a8fe6144-e45b-4bb2-9df8-c6b7020b9812

Marhic, M.E., Andrekson, P.A., Petropoulos, P., Radic, S., Peucheret, C. and Zazayerifar, M. (2015) Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems. Laser & Photonics Reviews, 9 (1), 50-74. (doi:10.1002/lpor.201400087).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The prospects for using fiber optical parametric amplifiers (OPAs) in optical communication systems are reviewed. Phase-insensitive amplifiers (PIAs) and phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs) are considered. Low-penalty amplification at/or near 1 Tb/s has been achieved, for both wavelength- and time-division multiplexed formats. High-quality mid-span spectral inversion has been demonstrated at 0.64 Tb/s, avoiding electronic dispersion compensation. All-optical amplitude regeneration of amplitude-modulated signals has been performed, while PSAs have been used to demonstrate phase regeneration of phase-modulated signals. A PSA with 1.1-dB noise figure has been demonstrated, and preliminary wavelength-division multiplexing experiments have been performed with PSAs. 512 Gb/s have been transmitted over 6,000 km by periodic phase conjugation. Simulations indicate that PIAs could reach data rate x reach products in excess of 14,000 Tb/s × km in realistic wavelength-division multiplexed long-haul networks. Technical challenges remaining to be addressed in order for fiber OPAs to become useful for long-haul communication networks are discussed.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 30 September 2014
Published date: January 2015
Additional Information: Review article
Keywords: parametric amplifiers, fiber optic communication, fiber nonlinearities, phase-sensitive amplification, signal regeneration, phase regeneration, mid-span spectral inversion
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 381019
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/381019
ISSN: 1863-8880
PURE UUID: 7150b50b-3584-45e8-82ca-7e62666a99f8
ORCID for P. Petropoulos: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1576-8034

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Date deposited: 07 Sep 2015 10:12
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 01:13

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Contributors

Author: M.E. Marhic
Author: P.A. Andrekson
Author: P. Petropoulos ORCID iD
Author: S. Radic
Author: C. Peucheret
Author: M. Zazayerifar

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