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Scarping predictability of sandy beaches in a multidirectional wave basin

Scarping predictability of sandy beaches in a multidirectional wave basin
Scarping predictability of sandy beaches in a multidirectional wave basin
Our ability to predict beach erosion above the still water level (SWL) is still not satisfactory due to the lack of adequate technology to accurately measure the sediment concentration and velocity in very shallow water, including the swash zone where the beach face is intermittently covered with water and exposed to the atmosphere. A simple procedure is proposed here to improve our predictive capability for the particular case of scarping erosion caused by wind-generated waves above the SWL. If the slope at the steep scarp is larger than the limiting slope of the internal sediment friction, the steep face is assumed to be eroded due to the computed offshore sediment transport at the toe of the scarp. The bedload and suspended sediment transport at the toe of the scarp was computed using a time-averaged model that includes the steep bottom slope effect. The model was validated against a novel experiment in a multidirectional wave basin, where scarping was reproduced. The water level was raised in four steps to reproduce the shoreface erosion, berm overwash and berm erosion, successively. Horizontal and tilted berms were tested against similar normal incident irregular waves to compare the performance of the profile without and with ponding, respectively. For the tilted case, ponding appeared when the tilted berm was overtopped. No ponding was observed for the horizontal berm test even when the berm was overtopped. The predictability was estimated using the Brier skill score (BSS). The predictability of the scarping was good (BSS ≥ 0.6) for the horizontal berm test and fair (BSS ≥ 0.4) for the tilted berm test. This decrease in the predictability may be related to the ponding, which is not included in the model.
0185-3880
45-54
Payo, A.
21ef7385-622f-4973-9a93-10dd38ee95d9
Kobayashi, N.
2466f608-41a9-435d-a52b-d3667f39b4a5
Muñoz-Pérez, J.
59a1a00a-fdce-4cd7-a5b5-0bc3172513f0
Yamada, F.
20523c61-64b6-446d-900f-09538b02fba2
Payo, A.
21ef7385-622f-4973-9a93-10dd38ee95d9
Kobayashi, N.
2466f608-41a9-435d-a52b-d3667f39b4a5
Muñoz-Pérez, J.
59a1a00a-fdce-4cd7-a5b5-0bc3172513f0
Yamada, F.
20523c61-64b6-446d-900f-09538b02fba2

Payo, A., Kobayashi, N., Muñoz-Pérez, J. and Yamada, F. (2008) Scarping predictability of sandy beaches in a multidirectional wave basin. Ciencias Marinas, 34 (1), 45-54.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Our ability to predict beach erosion above the still water level (SWL) is still not satisfactory due to the lack of adequate technology to accurately measure the sediment concentration and velocity in very shallow water, including the swash zone where the beach face is intermittently covered with water and exposed to the atmosphere. A simple procedure is proposed here to improve our predictive capability for the particular case of scarping erosion caused by wind-generated waves above the SWL. If the slope at the steep scarp is larger than the limiting slope of the internal sediment friction, the steep face is assumed to be eroded due to the computed offshore sediment transport at the toe of the scarp. The bedload and suspended sediment transport at the toe of the scarp was computed using a time-averaged model that includes the steep bottom slope effect. The model was validated against a novel experiment in a multidirectional wave basin, where scarping was reproduced. The water level was raised in four steps to reproduce the shoreface erosion, berm overwash and berm erosion, successively. Horizontal and tilted berms were tested against similar normal incident irregular waves to compare the performance of the profile without and with ponding, respectively. For the tilted case, ponding appeared when the tilted berm was overtopped. No ponding was observed for the horizontal berm test even when the berm was overtopped. The predictability was estimated using the Brier skill score (BSS). The predictability of the scarping was good (BSS ≥ 0.6) for the horizontal berm test and fair (BSS ≥ 0.4) for the tilted berm test. This decrease in the predictability may be related to the ponding, which is not included in the model.

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More information

Published date: March 2008
Additional Information: Text in English, Spanish and Castilian.
Organisations: Energy & Climate Change Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 381828
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/381828
ISSN: 0185-3880
PURE UUID: 6116e4fc-d6ae-41c3-af06-6ab96b1caf12

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Date deposited: 22 Oct 2015 10:39
Last modified: 19 Jul 2019 18:30

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