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Recent trends of human wellbeing in the Bangladesh delta

Recent trends of human wellbeing in the Bangladesh delta
Recent trends of human wellbeing in the Bangladesh delta
Although recent studies show that human wellbeing on global and national scales is improving, it is important to monitor the regional progress of human wellbeing and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Here we provide an assessment of human wellbeing in the south-west coastal part of Bangladesh by analysing Household Expenditure Survey (HIES) and Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data from 1995 to 2010. Indicators have been selected based on the five dimensions of human wellbeing, including health, material condition, personal security and freedom of choice and actions. This study shows that the south-west coastal region has made commendable progress in meeting the target MGDs goal for ‘child and maternal health’. However, the areas of ‘personal security’ and ‘freedom of choice and action’ have not achieved the target MDGs despite showing substantial progress for ‘poverty alleviation’ (17%), ‘sanitation coverage’ (40%) and ‘education’ (23%). Incomes from fishery and ‘non-ecosystem’ based livelihood have increased 76% and 8% respectively, whereas income from shrimp and agriculture show declining trends. Production costs have increased substantially since 1995 in response to a rise in GDP. At a household level, proxy indicators of provisioning services, such as crop production, are positively correlated with poverty alleviation. Overall, greater attention on education and sustainable land use is required if Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to be achieved by 2030.
trends, human wellbeing, regional, MDGs, SDGs
2211-4645
21-32
Hossain, Md Sarwar
ba5eb288-0380-4f82-bda6-0a86068f0665
Amoako Johnson, Fiifi
e348fd15-9fe2-472f-a701-2980b8cec4d5
Dearing, John A.
dff37300-b8a6-4406-ad84-89aa01de03d7
Eigenbrod, Felix
43efc6ae-b129-45a2-8a34-e489b5f05827
Hossain, Md Sarwar
ba5eb288-0380-4f82-bda6-0a86068f0665
Amoako Johnson, Fiifi
e348fd15-9fe2-472f-a701-2980b8cec4d5
Dearing, John A.
dff37300-b8a6-4406-ad84-89aa01de03d7
Eigenbrod, Felix
43efc6ae-b129-45a2-8a34-e489b5f05827

Hossain, Md Sarwar, Amoako Johnson, Fiifi, Dearing, John A. and Eigenbrod, Felix (2016) Recent trends of human wellbeing in the Bangladesh delta. Environmental Development, 17, 21-32. (doi:10.1016/j.envdev.2015.09.008).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Although recent studies show that human wellbeing on global and national scales is improving, it is important to monitor the regional progress of human wellbeing and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Here we provide an assessment of human wellbeing in the south-west coastal part of Bangladesh by analysing Household Expenditure Survey (HIES) and Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data from 1995 to 2010. Indicators have been selected based on the five dimensions of human wellbeing, including health, material condition, personal security and freedom of choice and actions. This study shows that the south-west coastal region has made commendable progress in meeting the target MGDs goal for ‘child and maternal health’. However, the areas of ‘personal security’ and ‘freedom of choice and action’ have not achieved the target MDGs despite showing substantial progress for ‘poverty alleviation’ (17%), ‘sanitation coverage’ (40%) and ‘education’ (23%). Incomes from fishery and ‘non-ecosystem’ based livelihood have increased 76% and 8% respectively, whereas income from shrimp and agriculture show declining trends. Production costs have increased substantially since 1995 in response to a rise in GDP. At a household level, proxy indicators of provisioning services, such as crop production, are positively correlated with poverty alleviation. Overall, greater attention on education and sustainable land use is required if Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to be achieved by 2030.

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Accepted/In Press date: 21 September 2015
e-pub ahead of print date: 26 September 2015
Published date: January 2016
Keywords: trends, human wellbeing, regional, MDGs, SDGs
Organisations: Geography & Environment

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 382739
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/382739
ISSN: 2211-4645
PURE UUID: b4b9996d-69b7-4d13-8bb3-ccb7769b1485
ORCID for John A. Dearing: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1466-9640
ORCID for Felix Eigenbrod: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8982-824X

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Date deposited: 03 Nov 2015 12:48
Last modified: 03 Dec 2019 01:48

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